The North American Carbon Program Plan (NACP)
A Report of the Committee of the
U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group


Battle, M., M.L. Bender, P.P. Tans, J.W.C. White, J.T. Ellis, T. Conway, R.J. Francey, 2000: Global carbon sinks and their variability inferred from atmospheric O2 and 13C. Science, 287, 2467-2470.

Barford, Carol C., S.C. Wofsy, M.L. Goulden, J.W. Munger, E.H. Pyle, S P. Urbanski, L. Hutyra, S.R. Saleska, D.R. Fitzjarrald, and K. Moore, 2001: Factors controlling long- and short-term sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in a mid-latitude forest, Science, 1688-1691.

Bakwin, P.S, P.P. Tans, D.F. Hurst, and C.L. Zhao, 1998: Measurements of carbon dioxide on very tall towers: Results of the NOAA/CMDL program. Tellus B, 50(5): 401-415.

Baldocchi D, E. Falge, L.H. Gu, R. Olson, D. Hollinger, S. Running, P. Anthoni, C. Bernhofer, K. Davis, R. Evans, J. Fuentes, A. Goldstein, G. Katul, B. Law, X.H. Lee, Y. Malhi, T. Meyers, W. Munger, W. Oechel, K.T. Paw,, K. Pilegaard, H. P. Schmid, R. Valentini, S. Verma, T. Vesala, K. Wilson, and S. Wofsy, 2001: FLUXNET: A new tool to study the temporal and spatial variability of ecosystem-scale carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy flux densities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82(11), 2415-2434.

Behrenfeld, M. J., J. T. Randerson, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. Q. Los, C. J. Tucker, P. G. Falkowski, C. B. Field, R. Frouin, W. E. Esaias, D. D. Kolber, and N. H. Pollack. 2001. Biospheric primary production during an ENSO transition, Science, 291, 2594-2597.

Bender, M. et al., 2001: A U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Observing Plan: Oceans and Atmosphere. Report for the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group. Washington, DC: US Global Change Research Program. (Available on line at

Caspersen, J. P., S. W. Pacala, J. C. Jenkins, G. C. Hurtt, P. R. Moorcroft, and R. A. Birdsey. 2000. Contributions of land-use history to carbon accumulation in U.S. forests, Science, 290, 1148-1151.

Crill, P., K. Hargreaves, and A. Korhola, 2000: The role of peat in Finnish greenhouse gas balances. Studies and Reports 10/2000. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Trade and Industry.

Curtis, P.S., P.J. Hanson, P. Bolstgad, C. Barford, J.C. Randolph, H.P. Schmid, and K.B. Wilson, 2002: Biometric and eddy-covariance based estimates of annual carbon storage in five eastern North American deciduous forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles (in press).

Engelen, R.J., G.L. Stephens, and A.S. Denning, 2001: The effect of CO2 variability on the retrieval of atmospheric temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 3259-3262.

Engelen, R.J., A.S. Denning, K.R. Gurney, and G.L. Stephens. (in press): Global observations of the carbon budget: I, Expected satellite capabilities in the EOS and NPOESS eras. Journal of Geophysical Research.

Gerbig, C., J. Lin, and S.C. Wofsy, 2001: Quantification of regional and continental-scale surface fluxes of carbon using airborne measures in a Lagrangian framework. Paper B41A-04, American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting held in Boston, MA, May.

Kurz, W.A., and M.J. Apps, 1999: A 70-year retrospective analysis of carbon fluxes in the Canadian forest sector. Ecological Applications, 9, 526-547.

Harden, J.W., E.T. Sundquist, R.F. Stallard, and R.K. Mark, 1992: Dynamics of soil carbon during deglaciation of the Laurentide ice-sheet. Science, 258(5090), 1921-1924.

Lin, J.C., C. Gerbig, and S.C. Wofsy, 2001: Atmospheric constraints on terrestrial exchanges at the regional to continental scales. Paper B51C-07 presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting held in Boston, MA.

NAS (National Academy of Sciences), 2001: Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions. Washington, DC, National Academy Press.

Pacala, S.W., G.C. Hurtt, R.A. Houghton, R.A. Birdsey, L. Heath, E.T. Sundquist, R.F. Stallard, D. Baker, P. Peylin, P. Ciais, P. Moorcroft, J. Caspersen, E. Shevliakova, B. Moore, G. Kohlmaier, E. Holland, M. Gloor, M.E. Harmon, S.-M. Fan, J.L. Sarmiento, C. Goodale, D. Schimel, and C.B. Field, 2001: Convergence of land- and atmosphere-based U.S. carbon sink estimates. Science, 292, 2316-2320.

Potosnak, M.J., S.C. Wofsy, A.S. Denning, T.J. Conway, J.W. Munger, and D.H. Barnes, 1999: Influence of biotic exchange and combustion sources on atmospheric CO2 concentrations in New England from observations at a forest flux tower. Journal of. Geophysical. Research, 104, 9561-9569.

Rayner, P.J., W. Knorr, M. Scholze, R. Giering, T. Kaminski, M. Heimann, and C. LeQuere, 2001: Inferring terrestrial biosphere carbon fluxes from combined inversions of atmospheric transport and process-based terrestrial ecosystem models. Extended Abstracts, Sixth International CO2 Conference, Sendai Japan, MB17.

Running, S.W., C.O. Justice, V. Salomonson, D. Hall, J. Barker, Y.J. Kaufmann, A.H. Strahler, A.R. Huete, J.-P. Muller, V. Vanderbilt, Z.M. Wan, P. Teillet, and D. Carneggie, 1995: Terrestrial remote sensing science and algorithms planned for EOS/MODIS, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 15(17), 3587-3620.

Sarmiento, J.L., and S.C. Wofsy, 1999: A U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan. Report of the Carbon and Climate Working Group. Washington, DC: U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Takahashi, T., S.C. Sutherland, C. Sweeney, A. Poisson, N. Metzl, B. Tilbrook, N. Bates, R. Wanninkhof, R.A. Feely, C. Sabine, and J. Olafsson, 2001: Biological and temperature effects on seasonal changes of pCO2 in global ocean surface waters. Deep-Sea Research (in press).

Tans, P.P., P.S. Bakwin, and D.W. Guenther, 1996: A feasible global carbon cycle observing system: A plan to decipher today's carbon cycle based on observations. Global Change Biology, 2, 309-318.

Wang, Y.P., and D.J. Barrett, 2001: Estimation of carbon exchange fluxes in Southern Australia using multiple constraints. Extended Abstracts, Sixth International CO2 Conference, Sendai Japan, TE51.

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