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                Heat Wave Awareness Project: Literature
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This is a selected bibliography containing journal articles, book chapters and other published materials on heat waves, urban heat islands, extreme heat impacts, vulnerability, mitigation and other relevant topics. If we inadvertently missed any important publications, please let us know. (Please note that links contained within citations will take you out of the current website.)

|   A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   G   |   H   |   J   |
|   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   W   |   X   |  

~ A ~

American Meteorological Society, 2000: Proceedings of the Third Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society. 14-18 August, 2000, Davis, California

Aniello, C. K. Morgan, A Busbey, and L. Newland, 1995: "Mapping Micro-Urban Heat Islands using Landsat TM and a GIS," Computers and Geosciences, 21(8), 965-969.

Applegate, W.B., J.W. Runyan, Jr., L. Brasfield, M.L. Williams, C. Konigsbert, and C. Fouche, 1981: "Analysis of the 1980 heat wave in Memphis," Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, August, 29(8), 337-342.

~ B ~

Ballester Diez, F., 1996: "Meteorology and health: the relationship between environmental temperature and mortality," Revista Española de Salud Pública, May-June, 70(3), 251-259. Spanish.

Ballester, F., D. Corella, S. Perez-Hoyos, M. Saez, and A. Hervas, 1997: "Mortality as a function of temperature," A study in Valencia, Spain, 1991-1993. International Journal of Epidemiology, 26(3), 551-561.

Barrow, M.W., Clark, K.A., 1998: "Heat-Related Illnesses," American Family Physician, 58(3), 749-756.

Ben-Dor, E. and H. Saaroni, 1997: "Airborne video thermal radiometry as a tool for monitoring miscroscale structures of the urban heat island," International Journal of Remote Sensing, 18(14), 3039-3053.

Bernard, S.M., J.M. Samet, A. Grambsch, K.L. Ebi, and I. Romieu, 2001: "The potential impacts of climate variability and change on air pollution-related health effects in the United States," Environmental Health Perspectives, May, 109, Supp. 2, 199-209.

Blum, L.N., Bresolin, L.B., 1998: "Heat-Related Illnees During Extreme Weather Emergencies," Journal of the American Medical Association, May, 279, 1514.

Boivin, D.J. and J. Lacroix, 1989: "Catastrophic heat wave phenomenon: an evaluation of civil protection and municipal risk assessment," Le Climat, Quebec, Canada, 7(2), 18-52.

Bridger, C.A.; Ellis, F.P.; Taylor, H.L., 1976: "Mortality in St. Louis, Missouri, during Heat Waves in 1936, 1953, 1954, 1955, and 1966," Environmental Research, 12, 38-48.

Bross, M.H., Nash, B.T., Carlton, F.B., 1994: "Heat Emergencies," American Family Physician, 50(2), 389-396.

Buechley, R.W., Van Bruggen, J., Truppi, L.E., 1972. "Heat Island = Death Island?" Environmental Research, 5, 82-92.

Butler, R.N., 1997: "Preventing heat-related illness," Geriatrics, June, 52(6), 7-8.

~ C ~

Centers for Disease Control, 1982. "Medical Examiner Summer Mortality Surveillance – United States, 1979-1981," MMWR Weekly, 31(25), July 2, 336-343.

Centers for Disease Control, 1983. "Summer Mortality Surveillance from Selected City and County Medical Examiners," MMWR Weekly, 32(SS01), February 1, 1-6.

Centers for Disease Control, 1984. "Heat-Associated Mortality – New York City," MMWR Weekly, 33(29), July 27, 430-432.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1994: "Heat-Related Deaths – Philadelphia and United States 1993-1994," MMWR Weekly, 43(25), July 1, 453-455.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1995: "Heat-Related Illnesses and Deaths-United States 1994-1995," MMWR Weekly, 44(25), June 30, 465-468.

Centers for Disease Control, 1996: "Heat-Wave-Related Mortality – Milwaukee, Wisconsin, July 1995," MMWR Weekly, 45(24), June 21, 505-507.

Centers for Disease Control, 1997: "Heat-related Deaths – Dallas, Wichita, and Cooke Counties, Texas, and United States, 1996," MMWR Weekly, 46(23), June 13, 528-531.

Centers for Disease Control, 1997: "Heat-Related Mortality – United States 1997," MMWR Weekly, 47(23), June 19, 473-476.

Centers for Disease Control, 1999: "Heat-Related Illnesses and Deaths – Missouri, 1998, and United States, 1979-1996," MMWR Weekly, 48(22), June 11, 469-472.

Centers for Disease Control, 1996: Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Centers for Disease Control, 2000: "Heat-related Illnesses, Deaths, and Risk Factors – Cincinnati and Dayton, Ohio, 1999, and United States 1979-1997," MMWR Weekly, 49(21), June 2, 470-473.

Changnon, S.A., K.E. Kunkel, and B.C. Reinke, 1996: Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: a call to action. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(7), 1497-1506.

Chan, N.Y., M.T. Stacey, A.E. Smith, K.L. Ebi, and T.F. Wilson, 2001: An empirical mechanistic framework for heat related illness. Climate Research, 16, 133-143

Chestnut, L.G., Breffle, W.S., Smith, J.B., Kalkstein, L.S., 1998: "Analysis of differences in hot-weather-related mortality across 44 U.S. metropolitan areas," Environmental Science and Policy, 1, 59-70.

Clarke, J.F., 1972: "Some Effects of the Urban Structures on Heat Mortality," Environmental Research, 93-104.

Croner C.M., Sperling J., Broome F.R., 1996: "Geographic information systems (GIS): New perspectives in understanding human health and environmental relationships." Statistics in Medicine, 15(17-18), 1961-1977.

~ D ~

Dabberdt, W.F. and J.Hales, 2000: Forecast Issues in the Urban Zone: Report to the Tenth Prospectus Development Team of the US Weather Research Program. In: Proceedings of the Third Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society. 14-18 August, Davis, California.

Daley, R.M., 1996: Remarks of Mayor Richard M. Daley. Office of the Mayor, City of Chicago, www.ci.chi.il.us/Mayor2/Speeches/SummerHeat.html.

Dunn, C.E., J. Woodhouse, R.S. Bhopal, and S.D. Acquilla, 1995: Asthma and factory emissions in northern England: addressing public concern by combining geographical and epidemiological methods. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 49, 395-400.

~ E ~

Ellis, F.P., 1972: "Mortality from Heat Illnesses and Heat-Aggravated Illness in the United States," Environmental Research, 5, 1-58.

Ellis, F.P., Nelson, F., 1978: "Mortality in the Elderly in a Heat Wave in New York City, August 1975," Environmental Research, 15, 504-512.

~ G ~

Gallo, KP and TW Owen, 2000: Seasonal trends in urban and rural temperatures of twenty-eight cities within the United States. Proceedings of the Third Symposium on the Urban Environment, American Meteorological Society. August 14-18, Davis, California

Goward, S.N, 1981. "Thermal behavior of urban landscapes and the urban heat island," Physical Geography, 2(1), 19-23.

Greene, J.S., Kalkstein, L.S., 1996: "Quantitative Analysis of Summer Air Masses in the Eastern United States and an Application to Human Mortality," Climate Research, 7, 43-53.

Greeough, G., M. McGeehin, S.M. Bernard, J. Trtanj, J. Riad, D. Engelberg, 2001: "The potential impacts of climate variability and change on health impacts of extreme weather events in the United States," Environmental Health Perspectives, May, 109, Supp. 2, 191-198.

Guest, C.S., Willson, K., Woodward, A.J., Hennessey, K., Kalkstein, L.S., Skinner, C., McMichael, A.J., 1999: "Climate and mortality in Australia: retrospective study, 1979-1990, and predicted impacts in five major cities in 2030," Climate Research, 13, 1-15.

~ H ~

Honda, Y., 1995: Re: "Air conditioning and mortality in hot weather." American Journal of Epidemiology, July 1, 142(1), 99.

~ J ~

Jones, T.S., Liang, A.P., Kilbourne, E.M., Griffin, M.R., Patriarca, P.A., Wassilak, S.G.F., Mullan, R.J., Herrick, R.F., Donnell, H.D.; Choi, D., Thacker, S.B., 1982: "Morbidity and Mortality Associated with the July 1980 Heat Wave in St. Louis and Kansas City, MO," Journal of the American Medical Association, June 25, 247(24) 3327-3331.

~ K ~

Kaiser, R., C.H. Rubin, A.K. Henderson, M.I. Wolfe, S. Kieszak, C.L. Parrott, M. Adcock, 2001: "Heat-related death and mental illness during the 1999 Cincinnati heat wave," American Journal Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 22(3), 303-307.

Kalkstein, L.S., Valimont, K.M., 1986: "Climate Effects on Human Health," Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 67, 842-848.

Kalkstein, L.S., 1991: "A New Approach to Evaluate the Impact of Climate on Human Mortality," Environmental Health Perspectives, 96, 145-150.

Kalkstein, L.S., 1993: "Direct Impact in Cities," Lancet, 342, 1397-1399.

Kalkstein, L.S., 1995: "Lessons From a Very Hot Summer," Lancet, 346, 857-859.

Kalkstein, L.S., Jamason, P.F., Greene, J.S., Libby, J., Robinson, L., 1996: "The Philadelphia Hot Weather-Health Watch/Warning System: Development and Application, Summer 1995," Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(7), 1519-1528.

Kalkstein, L.S., Greene, J.S., 1997: "An Evaluation of Climate/Mortality Relationships in Large U.S. Cities and the Possible Impacts of a Climate Change," Environmental Health Perspectives, 105(1), 84-93.

Kalkstein, L.S., 2000: "Saving Lives During Extreme Weather in Summer," British Medical Journal, 231, 650-651.

Karl, T.R., Knight, R.W., 1997: "The 1995 Chicago Heat Wave: How Likely is a Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78(6),1107-1119.

Kattenberg, A., F. Giorgi, H. Grassl, GA Meehl, JFB Mitchell, RJ Stouffer, T. Tokioka, AJ Weaver, TML Wigley, 1996: "Climate models – projections of future climate," in Houghton J.T. et al. (Eds.) Climate Change 1995. The Science of Climate Change. IPCC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Keating, W.R., G.C. Donaldson, E. Cordioli, M. Martinelli, A.E. Kunst, J.P. Mackenbach, S. Nayha, and I. Vuori, 2000: "Heat-related mortality in warm and cold regions of Europe: observational study," British Medical Journal, Sept. 16, 321(7262), 670-673.

Kellog, W.A, 1999: "From the field: observations on using GIS to develop a neighborhood environmental information system for community-based organizations," The Urban and Regional Information Systems Association Journal, 11(1), 15-32.

Kendall, P., 1999: "ComEd has only itself to blame for outages," Chicago Tribune, Sept. 15, 2001.

Kilbourne, E.M., 1997: "Heat Waves and Hot Environments," The Public Health Consequences of Disasters. E.K. Noji, (Ed.), Oxford University Press, 245-269.

Kim, H.H., 1992: "Urban Heat Island," International Journal of Remote Sensing, 13(12), 2319-2336.

Klinenberg, E.: Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago, The
University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London: 2002.

~ L ~

Larson, U., 1990: "The effects of montly temperature fluctuations on mortality in the United States from 1921-1985," International Journal of Biometeorology, 34(3), 136-45.

Larson, U., 1990: "Short-term fluctuations in death by cause, temperature, and income in the United States, 1930-1985," Social Biology, Fall-Winter, 37(3-4), 172-87.

Leitner, H., S. Elwood, E. Sheppard, S. McMaster, McMaster, R., 2000: "Models of GIS Provision and their Appropriateness for Neighborhood Organizations: Examples from Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota," The Urban and Regional Information Systems Association Journal, 12(4), 43-56.

Li, P.W., Chan, S.T., 2000: "Application of a Weather Stress Index for Alerting the ublic to Stressful Weather in Hong Kong," Journal of Applied Meteorology, 7, 369-375.

Lo, C.P., D.A. Quattrochi and J.C. Luvall, 1997: "Application of high-resolution thermal infrared remote sensing and GIS to assess the urban heat island effect," International Journal of Remote Sensing, 18(2), 287-304.

Longhurst, 1995: "The assessment of community vulnerability in hazard prone areas," Disasters, The Royal Society, London, March 31, 19(3), pp. 269-270.

~ M ~

Marmor, M., 1978: "Heat Wave Mortality in Nursing Homes," Environmental Research, 17, 102-115.

Martinez, B.F., J.L. Annest, E.M. Kilbourne, M.L. Kirk, K.J. Lui, and S.M. Smith, 1989: "Geographic distribution of heat-related deaths among elderly persons. Use of county-level dot maps for injury surveillance and epidemiologic research," Journal of the American Medical Association, Oct. 27, 262(16), 2246-2250.

Mattern, J., Garrigan, S., Kennedy, S.B., 2000: "A Community-Based Assessment of Heat-Related Morbidity in North Philadelphia," Environmental Research, 83, 338-342.

McGeehin, M.A. and M. Mirabelli, 2001: "The Potential Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Temperature-Related Morbidity and Mortality in the United States," Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(2).

McMichael, A.J., Haines, A., Slooff, R., Kovats, S., 1996: Climate Change and Human Health, WHO, Geneva.

Mearns, L.O., Katz, R.W., Schneider, S.H., 1984: "Extreme High-Temperature Events: Changes in their Probabilities with Changes in Mean Temperature," Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 23(12), 1601-1613.

~ N ~

Nakai, S., T. Itoh, and T. Morimoto, 1999: "Deaths from heat-stroke in Japan: 1968-1994," International Journal of Biometeorology, November, 43(3), 124-127.

National Weather Service, Office of Climate, Water, and Weather Services, Natural Hazard Statistics. 2001.

~ O ~

Oechsli, F.W., Buechley, R.W., 1970: "Excess Mortality Associated with Three Los Angeles September Hot Spells," Environmental Research, 3, 277-284.

~ P ~

Palecki, M.A., S.A. Chagnon, and K.E. Kunkel, 2001: "The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995," Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82(7), 1353-1367.

Patz, J.A., McGeehin, M.A., Bernard, S.M., Ebi, K.L., Epstein, P.R., Grambsch, A., Gubler, D.J., Reiter, P., Romieu, E., Rose, J.B., Samet, J.M., Trtanj, J., 2000: "The Potential Health Impacts of Climate Variability and Change for the United States: Executive Summary of the Report of the Health Sector of the U.S. National Assessment," Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(4), 367-376.

Pine, J.C. and J.H. Diaz. 2000: Environmental Health Screening with GIS: Creating a Community Environmental Health Profile. Environmental Health, April, 9-15.

~ Q ~

Quattrochi, D.A., Luvall, J.C., 1997: "High Spatial Resolution Airborne Multispectral Thermal Infrared Data to Support Analysis and Modeling Tasks in EOS IDS Project ATLANTA," wwwghcc.msfc.nasa.gov/atlanta/.

~ R ~

Ramlow, J.M., Kuller, L.H., 1990: "Effects of the Summer Heat Wave of 1988 on Daily Mortality in Allegheny County, PA," Public Health Reports, 105(3), 283-289.

Richards, D.A., 1995: "Deaths in a heat wave," Australian/New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 25(2), 109-110.

~ S ~

Schuman, S.H., 1972: "Patterns of Urban Heat-Wave Deaths and Implications for Prevention: Data from New York and St. Louis During July, 1966," Environmental Research, 5, 59-75.

Semenza, J.C., Rubin, C.H., Falter, K.H., Selanikio, J.S., Flanders, D., Howe, H.L., Wilhelm, J.L., 1996: "Heat-Related Deaths During the July 1995 Heat Wave in Chicago," New England Journal of Medicine, 335(2), 84-90.

Shen, T., H.L. Howe, C. Alo, and R.L. Moolenaar, 1998: "Toward a broader definition of heat-related death: comparison of mortality estimates from medical examiners' classification with those from total death differentials during the July 1995 heat wave in Chicago, Illinois," American Journal Forensic Medicine and Pathology, June, 19(2), 113-118.

Smoyer, K.E.,1998: "A Comparative Analysis of Heat Waves and Associated Mortality in St. Louis, Missouri – 1980 and 1995," International Journal of Biometeorology, 42, 44-50.

Smoyer, K.E., Rainham, D.G.C., Hewko, J.N., 2000: "Heat-Stress-Related Mortality in Five Cities in Southern Ontario: 1980-1996," International Journal of Biometeorology, 44, 190-197.

Smoyer, K.E., Kalkstein, L.S., Greene, J.S., Hengchun, Y., 2000: "The Impacts of Weather and Pollution on Human Mortaility in Birmingham, Alabama and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania," International Journal of Climatology, 20, 881-897.

Smoyer, K.E., 1998: "Putting Risk in its place: Methodological Considerations for Investigating Extreme Event Health Risk," Social Science and Medicine, 47, 1809-1824.

Steadman, R.G., 1984: "A Universal Scale of Apparent Temperature," Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 23, 1674-1687.

~ W ~

Waldman, A., 2001: "Record Heat and Power Use Lead to Sporadic Blackouts," The New York Times on the Web, August 9, 2001.

Welch, R.A., 1998: Using Trends in Weather Data to Predict Heat-related Mortality. Dissertation, Florida State University.

Whitman, S., Good, G., Donoghue, E.R., Benbow, N., Shou, W., Mou, S., 1997: "Mortality in Chicago Attributed to the July 1995 Heat Wave," American Journal of Public Health, 87(9), 1515-1518.

Woolum, C.A., 1964: "Notes from a Study of the Microclimatology of the Washington, D.C. Area for the Winter and Spring Seasons," Weatherwise, December, 263-271.

Wyndham, C.H., Rogers, G.G., Senay, L.C., Mitchell, D., 1976: "Acclimatization in a hot, humid environment: Cardiovascular adjustments," Journal of Applied Physiology, 40(5),779-785.

~ X ~

Xue, Y., P.A. Volz, Cracknell, A.P., 1999: "Human Health Applications of Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing," Michigan Academician XXXI, 325-344.

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