NCAR --> SERE --> ISSE --> The Challenge of Change

The Challenge of Change:
Managing for Sustainability of Oceanic Top Predator Species

A National Science Foundation (NSF) – Community Building Workshop
Marine Science Institute – University of California, Santa Barbara
April 12-14, 2007

Tuna Project Bibliography
Last edit -- 3/27/2007

Section I. GENERAL TUNA

Bestor, T. 2000. How Sushi went Global, Foreign Policy. 121: 54-63.

Bray, Kevin, 2000. Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing. European Commission's International Conference on Monitoring, Control and Surveillance; Brussels, Belgium; 24-27 October, 2000.

Botsford, L.W., J. C. Castilla and C. H. Peterson. 1997. The management of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Science 277(5325):509-515.

Cox, S.P., T.E. Essington, J.F. Kitchell, S.J.D. Martell, C.J. Walters, C. Boggs and I. Kaplan. 2002. Reconstructing ecosystem dynamics in the central Pacific Ocean 1952-1998. II. A preliminary assessment of the trophic impacts of fishing for tunas in the Pacfic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 59(11):1736-1747.

Dolman, David (2000). Events Leading to the Elaboration of an International Plan of Action to Combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. European Commission's International Conference on Monitoring, Control and Surveillance; Brussels, Belgium; 24-27 October, 2000.

FAO Tuna Atlas. Internet Version Available. CLICK HERE TO VIEW. [Accessed on 6/14/05 ].

Haward, Marcus and Anthony Bergin, (2001). The Political Economy of Japanese Distant Water Tuna Fisheries. Marine Policy, 25 (2):91-101.

Hilborn, Ray and John Sibert, (1988). Is international management of tuna necessary? Marine Policy 12 (1):31-39.

Grafton, R. Quentin, Rognvaldur Hannesson, Bruce Shallard, Daryl Sykes and Joe Terry, 2006. The Economics of Allocation in Tuna Regional Fisheries Management Organizations. Australian National University Economics and Environment Working Paper. EEN0612.

Joseph, James 2003. Managing Fishing Capacity of the World Tuna Fleet. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 982.

Lehodey, Patrick, Fei Chai and John Hampton, 2003. Modelling climate-related variability of tuna populations from a coupled ocean-biogeochemical-population dynamics model. Fisheries Oceanography, 12 (4): 483-494.

Majkowski, J. 2004. Tuna resources, fisheries and their management, FAO draft document, accessed January 25, 2005. CLICK HERE TO VIEW.

MRAG, 2005. IUU Fishing on the High Seas: Impacts on Ecosystems and Future Science Needs. Final report for the UK Department for International Development, MRAG (Marine Resources Assessment Group Ltd.) London, UK, August, 2005.

TaiwanNewsOnline, 2005. New resolution aims to eliminate illegal practices in tuna fishing. December 14, 2005. CLICK HERE TO VIEW. (viewed 12/20/05).

Miyake, M.P.; Miyabe, N.; Nakano, H., 2004. Historical trends of tuna catches in the world. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 467. Rome, FAO. 74pp. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/2/05)

Obeng, V., 2003. Towards and (sic) Appropriate Economic Regime of Tuna Management in Ghana. Masters Thesis Department of Economics, Norwegian college of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Norway. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 4/27/05)

Tsamenyi, Martin, Lara Manarangi-Trott and Shilpa Rajkumar (2001). “The International Legal Regime for Fisheries Management.” Presented at Reykjavik Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem. Reykjavik, Iceland.

Willock, Anna and M. Lack. Follow the Leader: Learning from experience and best practice in regional fisheries management organizations. WWF Traffic (2006).

I.A Western and Central Pacific Tuna – (WCPT)

Aaheim, Asbjorn and Linda Sygna, 2000. Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Tuna Fisheries in Fiji Islands and Kiribati. CICERO Report 2000:4.

Anonomyous, (2004). ADB to Fund Pacific Tuna Treaty. Pacnews, February 6, 2004.

Anonomyous, 2005. US Senate Ratifies WCP Tuna Commission. Atuna. Dec. 2, 2005. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited, Dec 9, 2005)

Anonomyous, 2005. REGION: Major Tuna Conference Concludes In Pohnpei, Pacific Magazine, Thursday: December 22, 2005.

Aqorau, Transform and A. Bergin, 1997. Ocean governance in the Western Pacific purse seine fishery – the Palau Arrangement. Marine Policy, 21 (2): 173-186.

Aqorau, Transform, 2003. Tuna Management in the Pacific Islands. Pacific Magazine, October 2003.

Aqorau, Transform, 2003. “Cooperative Management of Shared Fish Stocks in the South Pacific,” in FAO Fisheries Report No. 695 Supplement: Papers presented at the Norway-FAO Expert Consultation on the Management of Shared Fish Stocks, Bergen, Norway – 7-10 October 2002, pp. 105-122. FAO, Rome.

Bertignac, Michel, Harry F. Campbell, John Hampton, Anthony J. Hand, 2000. Maximizing Resource Rent From the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries. Marine Resource Economics, 15:151-177.

Brus, Henk, (2001). WTPO To Challenge Fisherman's Logic? Opinion Page Atuna.com, August 8, 2001.

Campbell, H. F. and R. B. Nicholl (1994). Can Purse Seiners Target Yellowfin Tuna. Land Economics: 70 (3) 345-53.

Campbell, H. F., 1996. Prospects for an international tuna resource owners' cartel. Marine Policy. 20 (5):419-427.

Chand, Satish and R. Quentin Grafton and Elizabeth Petersen,2003. Multilateral Governance of Fisheries: Management and Cooperation in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries. Marine Resources Economics 18:329-344.

Ghee, Lim Teck and Mark J. Valencia, (1990). Conflict over Natural Resources in South-East Asia and the Pacific. Oxford University Press, New York, 1990.

Dolman, David (1999). A Preliminary Review of Some Aspects of the Process in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean and the South-East Atlantic Ocean to Implement the UN Fish Stocks Agreement. Conference on the Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks and the UN Agreement, Bergen, Norway; 19-21 May, 1999.

European Fisheries, (2002). EU Signs Fisheries Agreement with Kiribati: the first of its Kind in the Pacific Region. September 7, 2002. CLICK HERE TO VIEW.

Federated States of Micronesia Arrangement for Regional Fisheries Access, (1994). Honiara, Solomon Islands, on November 30, 1994. CLICK HERE TO VIEW.

FFA, 2005. “Western Pacific Purse Seine Fishery Management Progressed.” Media release, CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 12/14/05)

Gillett, Robert, M. McKoy, L. Rodwell, and J. Tamate, 2001. Tuna: A Key Economic Resource in the Pacific. Asian Development Bank Pacific Study Series, March 2001.

Gillett, Robert, Mike Mcoy and David Itano, 2001. Status of the United States Western Pacific Tuna Purse Seine Fleet and Factors Affecting its Future. JIMAR Contribution 02-344. School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST).

Gillett, Robert and Chris Lightfoot, 2001. The Contribution of Fisheries to the Economies of Pacific Island Countries. Pacific Studies Series, Asian Development Bank, Manila Philippines.

Gillett, Preston and Associates, 2003. A Survey of Purse Seine Fishing Capacity in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, 1988-2003. U.S. Department of Commerce, Administrative Report AR-PIR-03-04.

Hampton, John and Peter Williams, 2001. The Western and Central Tuna Fishery: 2001 Overview and Status of Stocks. Tuna Fisheries Assessment Report No. 4. Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

Hampton, John, Keith Bigelow and Marc Labelle (1998), A summary of current information on the biology, fisheries and stock assessement of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) in the Pacific ocean, with recommendations for data requirements and future research. SPC Ocean Fisheries Program Technical Report No. 36. CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Hampton, John, John R. Sibert, Pierre Kleiber, Mark N.Maunder, Shelton J.Harley, 2005. Decline of Tuna Populations Exaggerated? Brief Communcations Arising. Nature. 434:E1-E2.

Hanchard, B.,1998, “South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA)” Technical Consultation Of South Pacific Small Island Developing States On Sustainable Development In Agriculture, Forestry And Fisheries, Apia, Samoa, 6-9 May 1996, Report and Background Documents. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 1998. Accessed 6/7/05: CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Herrick, Jr. S.F., B. Rader and D. Squires. 1997. Access fees and economic benefits in the western Pacific United States purse seine tuna fishery. Marine Policy, 21 (1):83-96.

Hunt, Colin, 2003. Economic globalisation impacts on Pacific marine resources. Marine Policy. 27 (1): 79-85

Itano, David G., 2000. The reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in Hawaiian waters and the western tropical Pacific Ocean: Project summary. SOEST Publication 00-01, JIMAR Contribution 00-328, 69 pp.

Ito, Russel Y, David C. Hamm, Atilio L Coan Jr, and John Childers. Summary of U.S. Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species in the Western-Central Pacific, 1999-2003. Working Paper for the 17 th SCTB Majuro, Marshall Islands, August 8-188, 2004.

Joseph, James, 2003. Past Developments and Future Options for Managing Tuna Fishing Capacity, with Special Emphasis on Purse-Seine Fleets. FAO Manuscript.

Joesph, James, (2004). Management Options for Bigeye and Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific. Unpublished Manuscript.

Keith-Reid, Robert, 2001. Our Fishing Industry. Pacific Magazine, November 2001.

Keith-Reid, Robert, 2003. Fishy Tuna Money: A Big Power Bidding War is Raising the Stakes. Pacific Magazine, online publication, February 2003. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 1/11/06).

Keith-Reid, Robert, 2003. The Tuna Headquarters Tussle: Divide and Conquer Strategies Are a Danger to Regional Fisheries. Pacific Magazine, January 2003.

Keith-Reid, Robert, 2004. Stakes Rise in Pacific Tuna Politics. Islands Business Magazine. October 7, 2004.

Kennedy, John, 2001. Project Proposal: Maximizing the Economic Benefits to Pacific Island Nations from Management of Migratory Tuna Stocks. DRAFT.

Klinkhamers, Pavel, 2002. European Fisheries in the South Pacific. European Centre on Npacific Issues (ECSIEP).

Langley, Adam, 2003. Where have all the Tuna Gone? Pacific Magazine, December 2003.

Lawson, T, (ed). 2003. Secretariat of the Pacific Community Tuna Fishery Yearbook 2002. Oceanic Fisheries Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Noumea, New Caledonia.

Lawson, Tim (2004). Estimates of Annual Catches of Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. SCTB17 Working Paper: SWG-2, CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 12/02/05).

Lehodey,P., Bertignac,M., Hampton,J., Lewis,A., and Picaut,J. 1997. El Nino Southern Oscillation and tuna in the western Pacific. Nature 389: 715-718.

Lehodey, Patrick, 2001. The Pelagic Ecosystem of the Tropical Pacific Ocean: Dynamic Spatial Modelling and Biological Consequences of ENSO. Progress in Oceanography, 49, 439-468.

Lehodey P., Chai F., Hampton J., 2003. Modelling climate-related variability of tuna populations from a coupled ocean-biogeochemical populations dynamics model. Fish. Oceanog., 12(4): 483-494.

Lodge, Michael, 2002. Preparatory Conference for the Establishment of the Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western Central Pacific Ocean: Second Session.

Loukos, H. Patrick Monfray, Lauren Bopp and Patrick Lehodey, ????. Impacts of global warming on tuna populations. Working Paper.

Majkowski, Jacek, 2004. Tuna Resource, Fisheries and Their Management. Unpublished Draft.

McKenna, Patricia, 2001. Revised Working Document 3 on the Role of Flags of Convenience in the Fisheries Sector. European Parliament Committee on Fisheries.

Miles, E. 2002. “The Management of Tuna Fisheries in the West Central and Southwest Pacific,” in E. Miles, et al (eds), Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Miles, E., Arild Underdal, Steinar Andresen, Jorgen Wettestad, Jon Birger Skjaerseth and Elaine M. Carlin (eds), (2002) Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Miyabe, N., M. Ogura, T. Matsumoto and Y. Nishikawa, 2004. National Tuna Fisheries Report of Japan as of 2004, SCTB17 Working Paper NFR–11. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/3/05)

Munro, Gordon R., (1991). The Management of Migratory Fishery Resources in the Pacific: Tropical Tuna and Pacific Salmon. In Essays on Economics of Migratory Fish Stocks, R Arnason and T Bjorndal (eds.), Berlin, Springer-Verlag: 85-106.

Nauru Agreement Concerning Cooperation in the Management of Fisheries of Common Interest, (1982).

NOAA, 1996. Economic Status of US Fisheries. The Western Pacific Regional Report.

Ocean Fisheries Program, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, (2005). Tuna Fisheries and Their Impacts in the Western Central Pacific Ocean. September, 2005.

Opnai, L. Joel, (2002). Summary of the Progress of the Work on the Review of the Palau Arrangement. SCTB15 Working Paper: FTWG-13.

Papua New Guinea and Pacific Islands Country Unit, The World Bank, (2000). Cities, Seas, and Storms: Managing the Changing Pacific Island Economies. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the World Bank, Washington DC.

Pelagic Fisheries Research Program, (2005). U.S. Pacific Island Fishery Mangers Address Overfishing of Bigeye Tuna. Pelagic Fisheries Research Program Newsletter April-June 2005, 10(2):4.

Petersen, Elizabeth, 2002. The Catch in Trading Fishing Access for Foreign Aid. Resource Management in Asia-Pacific Program (RMAP), Working Paper No. 35, Australian National University, Canberra.

Petersen, Elizabeth H. (2002). Economic Policy, Institutions and Fisheries Development in the Pacific. Marine Policy 26 (5):315-324.

Pretes, Michael and Elizabeth Petersen, 2003. Rethinking fisheries policy in the Pacific. Marine Policy. 28(4):297-309.

Radio Australia. Vanuatu Hopes for More Boats Under Flag of Convenience. Australian Broadcast Corporation, February 18, 1999.

Raj, Joythishna and Nathan Evans, (2004). The Role of Trade in Fisheries Production and Consumption in Fiji. Unpublished manuscript.

Ram-Bidesi, Vina and Martin Tsamenyi, 2004. “Implications of the Tuna Management Regime for Domestic Industry Development in the Pacific Island States.” Marine Policy 28 (5):383-392.

Reid, Christopher, (2003). Economic Overview of the Fishery. SCTB16 Working Paper GEN-2.

Reid, Christopher, Dale Squires, Yongil Jeon, Len Rodwell, and Raymond Clarke, 2003. An analysis of Fishing Capacity in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean Tuna Fishery and Management Implications. Marine Policy 27 (6):449-469.

Reid, Christopher, Raymond Vakurepe and Harry Campbell, 2003. Tuna Prices and Fishing Costs for Bioeconomic Modeling of the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries. Maximizing the Economic Benefit to the Pacific Island Nations from Management of Migratory Tuna Stocks, Technical Paper No.1.

Richard, Andrew H., (2003). Fisheries Monitoring, Control and Surveillance in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean Region. FFA Report #03/25.

Rodwell, Len, (2004). FFA Initiatives Related to the Palau Arrangement, Purse Seine Management and the Management of Bigeye Fishing Mortality in the WCPO. SCTB17 Working Paper: FTWG-6.

SCTB (Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish). 2001. Executive Summary of the 14 th Meeting of the SCTB, 9-16 August 2001 Noumea, New Caledonia. 11p.

SCTB (Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish). 2004. Executive Summary of the 17 th Meeting of the SCTB, 9-18 August 2004 Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands. 13p.

Sibert, John and John Hampton, 2003. Mobility of Tropical Tunas and the Implications for Fisheries Management. Marine Policy, 27 (1), 87-95.

The Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Fisheries Program, (2002). Fish and Chips in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fishery.

SPC, 2005. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Oceanic Fisheries Programme Electronic document: “ Climate and tuna fisheries” visited 6/15/05: CLICK HERE TO VIEW

SPC, 2005. Fishery Policy Brief: Tuna Fisheries and their Impacts in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Oceanic Fisheries Programme, Noumea, New Caledonia.

SPC, 2005. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Oceanic Fisheries Programme Electronic document: “ Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish (SCTB)” visited 12/15/05: CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Taga, Laisa, 2003. Islands Try to Land a World Funding First. Pacific Magazine, April 2003.

Tarte, S.,1998. Japan's Aid Diplomacy and the Pacific Islands. Pacific Policy Paper No. 26. The Australian National University, Canberra.

Tarte, Sandra, 2001. The International Politics of Tuna Management in the Western Central Pacific. Conference on People and the Sea. DRAFT.

Tarte, Sandra, 2002. The European Union and the Western Central Pacific Tuna Fishery. Paper Presented to the Thirteenth Europe Pacific Solidarity Seminar. DRAFT.

Tarte, Sandra, 2002. Report on the Third Preparatory Conference for the Establishment of the Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific. Manila, Philippines, 18-22 November, 2002.

Tarte, Sandra, 2003. Small Islands Big Fish: The International Politics of Tuna Management in the Western and Central Pacific. Working Paper.

Tarte, Sandra, 2003. Report of the Fifth Session of the Preparatory Conference for the Establishment of the Commission on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. Rarotonga, Cook Islands, 29 September – 3 October, 2003.

Tarte, Sandra, (2004). Managing Tuna Fisheries in the Pacific: A Regional Success Story? Otago Foreign Policy School; Dunedin, New Zealand; 25-28 June 2004.

Tsamenyi, M. 1999. “The Institutional Framework for Regional Cooperation in Ocean and Coastal Management in the South Pacific,” in Ocean and Coastal Management, 42: 465-481.

Tuna Fishery Yearbook 2002. Timothy Lawson ed. Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Noumea, New Caledonia, 2003.

Van Dyke, J.M. and C. Nicol, 1987. U.S. Tuna Policy. In Tuna Issues and Perspectives in the Pacific Islands, D. Doulman (ed.), pp. 105-132, Pacific Islands Development Program, East-West Center, Honolulu.

Van Santen, G. and P. Muller, 2000. Working Apart or Together: The case for a Common Approach to Management of the Tuna Resources in Exclusive Economic Zones of Pacific Island Countries. World Bank Draft Report, March 2000. CLICK HERE TO VIEW. site visited 12/05/05.

Williams, Peter and Chris Reid, (2004). Overview of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) Tuna Fisheries – 2003. SCTB17 Working Paper: GEN-1.

Williams, Peter and Chris Reid, (2005). Overview of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) Tuna Fisheries – 2004. WCPFC- SC1_GN_WP_1 1st Meeting of the Scientific Committee of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission WCPFC–SC1, Noumea, New Caledonia8–19 August 2005. [Available: CLICK HERE TO VIEW]

Willock, Anna and I. Cartwright. Conservation Implications of Allocation Under the Western Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. WWF Traffic, Oceania. (2006). [Available online: CLICK HERE TO VIEW]

WTPO, (2001). Status Report of World Tuna Purse Seine Organization (WTPO). Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 9-11, 2001.

WCPT – Treaty Process (MHLC &Prepcon) & Commission Documents

author? Information Note on Matters Before the Fifth Session of the Preparatory Conference for the Establishment of the Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific, 2003. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Convention. Rarotonga, Cook Islands from 9 September to 3 October 2003. link?

author? Management Options for Bigeye and Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific, 2004. Response to Recommendations of the Scientific Group on Sustainable Fisheries Management (SCG2). DRAFT. link?

author?, 2004 Final Report of the Preparatory Conference for the Establishment of the Commission for the Conservation of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean on All Matters Within its Mandate Pursuant to Paragraph 9 of Resolution 1. Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, 6-7 December, 2004.

author?, 2004 First Session of the Commission Summary Record. WCPFC/Comm.1/8 10 December 2004.

Author?, 2004. Statement of the Chairman on the Work of the Preparatory Conference During its Sixth Session. PrepCon Six, Bali, Indonesia, 19-23 April, 2004.

author?, 2005 Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.

Cordonnery, Laurence, 2002. A Note on the Convention for the Conservation and Management of Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. Ocean Development & International Law, 33:1-15.

FFA, (2004). Pacific Tuna Management Options. FFA News 27, October 2004.

Japanese Delegation to PrepCon 3. Japanese Report on Current Situation of IUU Large-Scale Tuna Longline Vessels. Manila, Philippines; 18-22 November, 2002.

MRAG Americas, Inc, 2002. Approaches to Meeting the Science and Data Needs of the Commission. Prepared for: The Preparatory Conference for the Western and Central Pacfic Fisheries Commission (WCPFC).

MRAG Americas, Inc, 2002. Interim Advice to the Preparatory Conference for the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission 2002. Review of Ecosystem-Bycatch Issues for the Western and Central Pacific Region. DRAFT

PrepCon Secretariat, (2004) Revised Draft Rules of Procedure of the Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific. WCPFC PrepCon Seventh Session. August 1, 2004.

Report of the Scientific Coordinating Group (SCG2), 2003. Preparatory Conference for the Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific. Mooloolaba, Australia 17 to 19 July.

Report of the Workshop on Compliance with the MHLC and WCPFC PrepCon Resolutions (2004). Sapporo, Japan, July 14-16, 2004.

WCPFC, 2005a. Status of the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.WCPFC/TCC1/-07. November 18, 2005.

WCPFC, 2005b. Conservation and Management Measures for Bigeye and Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific. Resolution adopted at the Second session of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, December 12-16, 2005.

William, Naviti, (2002). Vanatu Tuna Fishery Report. SCTB15 Working Paper: NFR-25.

I.B Atlantic Bluefin Tuna - ICCAT

Block, Barbara et al, 2001. Migratory Movements, Depth Preferences and Thermal Biology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. Science 293, 17, August, 2001.

Borja, Ángel and Josu Santiago, 2001. Does the North Atlantic Oscillation control some processes influencing recruitment of temperate tunas? ICCAT SCRS/2001/033. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. Madrid, Spain.

Brasão, A., C. Costa Duarte, and M.A. Cunha-e-Sá, 2000. Managing the Northern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fisheries: The Stability of the UN Fish Stock Agreement Solution. Marine Resource Economics, 15 (4): 341-360.

Committee to Review Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Ocean Studies Board. An Assessment of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. National Academy Press Washington DC 1994.

DeLone, E. “Improving the Management of Atlantic Tuna: The Duty to Strengthen ICCAT in Light of the 1995 Straddling Stocks Agreement”. New York University Environmental Law Journal. Volume 656. 1998, pp. 6 - ?.

Fonteneau, A.; Marcille, J. (eds). Resources, fishing and biology of the tropical tunas of the Eastern Central Atlantic. FAO Fisheries Document Paper. No. 292. Rome, FAO. 1993. 354p.

International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), 2001. ICCAT Workshop on Environment and Tuna Recruitment. Madrid, ICCAT 1-29.

ICCAT, cited 2003. Introduction to the ICCAT. [Available on-line: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

ICCAT, 2003. ICCAT REPORT 2002-2003(I)- Appendix 8, Report of the Sub-committee on Environment. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. Madrid, Spain.

ICCAT, 2003. ICCAT REPORT 2002-2003. (1) – 7.5 BFT Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Report. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. Madrid, Spain.

ICCAT, 2003. ICCAT REPORT 2002-2003. (1) – 7.11 SBT Southern Bluefin Tuna Report. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. Madrid, Spain.

TaiwanNews Online, 2005. Fishing commission slashes Atlantic big0eye quota. Nov. 21, 2005. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (viewed 12/20/05)

World Wildlife Fund, cited 2002. Slipping the net: Spain 's Compliance with ICCAT. [Available on-line: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

I.C IATTC – Eastern Pacific Ocean Tuna

Flagg, V.G. (1977). "Optimal Output and Economic Rent of the Eastern Tropical Pacific Tuna Fishery: An Empirical Analysis." American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 36(1):19-32.

Fiedler, P.C., 2002. Environmental change in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean: review of ENSO and decadal variability. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 244: 265–283.

Reilly, S. B., L.T. Ballance, P.C. Fiedler, T. Gerrodette, R.L. Pitman, H.G. Moser, L.B. Spear, and J.M. Borberg, 2002. Recent Information to Aid in Detecting Regime Shifts in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean. ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT LJ-02-22 Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, La Jolla CA. Accessed 6/6/05: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.

Schoell, Mark, 1999. “The Marine Mammal Protection Act and its Role in the Decline of San Diego's Tuna Fishing Industry. The Journal of San Diego History. Winter. 45(1):1-13.

Scott, Michael, 1996. The Tuna-Dolphin Controversy. Whalewatcher. Fall/Winter. 30(1): 16-30.

Scientific Working Group, 2002. Fisheries for Pacific Bluefin Tuna, Albacore Tuna, Swordfish, and Blue Marlin in the Pacific Ocean, and Assessments of These Species. Background Paper A5 prepared for the 69 th meeting of the IATTC La Jolla, California.

Suárez-Sánchez, J., W. Ritter-Ortiz, C. Gay-García, J. y Torres- Jácome, 2004. ENSO-tuna relations in the eastern Pacific Ocean and its prediction as a non-linear dynamic system. Atmosfera 17(4):245-258. e-journal article available: CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Summary of 1949 Convention for the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, cited 2003.. [Available on-line: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

Torres-Orozco, E., A. Trasviña, A. Muhlia-Melo, and S. Ortega-García, 2002.

Variation of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus Albacares) Abundance Related to El Niño at the Entrance to the Gulf of California. Draft Manuscript, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, México. Accessed 6/6/05: CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Vaca-Rodriguez, Juan Guillermo and Roberto Ramon Enriquez-Andrade, (2005). Analysis of the eastern Pacific yellowfin tuna fishery based on multiple management objectives. Ecological Modelling. In Press.

I.D Indian Ocean – (IOTC)

Allan, R., D. Chambers, W. Drosdowksy, H. Hendon, M. Latif, N. Nicholls, I. Smith, R. Stone and Y. Tourre, 2001. Is there an Indian Ocean dipole, and is it independent of the El Niño – Southern Oscillation? CLIVAR Exchanges. 21: 18-21. Electronic Newsletter accessible at: CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 12/05/05).

Ardill, J.D. 1984. Tuna Fisheries in the South West Indian Ocean. FAO. FAR/79/065/WP/9/83.

Anon, 1999. Report of the Expert Consulation on Indian Ocean Tunas, 7 th Session. IOTC, Victoria, Seychelles. IOTC/SP/99/01, 58pp.

Anon., 2005. Indian Ocean Tuna Fisheries Data Summary,1993- 2002, IOTC Data Summary No. 24, 110pp. accessible with password at: CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 12/20/05)

FAO, 2001. Fishery Country Profile: The Republic of Seychelles. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/10/05 )

Fonteneau, Alain and Olivier Maury, in press. Tuna Fishing Seychelles Islands: a spectacular development during the last 20 years, but what future in the long term. In Liam Campling(ed.) ' Seychelles and the Indian Ocean: a small island developing state in a globalising world', London: King Street Press.

Internet Guide to International Fisheries Law: Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Internet Guide to International Fisheries Law: Western Indian Ocean Tuna Organization (WIOTO) CLICK HERE TO VIEW

INDIAN OCEAN TUNA COMMISSION (IOTC), 2004. Report of the Eighth Session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission. Victoria, Seychelles, 7-12 December 2003. DOCUMENT IOTC-S-08-03R[E]. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 9/15/05)

INDIAN OCEAN TUNA COMMISSION (IOTC), 2005. Report of the Ninth Session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission. Victoria, Seychelles, 30 May – 3 June 2005. DOCUMENT IOTC-2005-S9-R[EN].

INDIAN OCEAN TUNA COMMISSION (IOTC), 2005. Report of the Eighth Session of the ScientificCommittee. Victoria, Seychelles, 7-11 November 2005. IOTC-2005-SC-R[EN]. 82 pp

IOTC, cited 2003. About the IOTC, Missions, Objectives and Functions of the Commission. [Available on-line from CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

Kambona, J.J.; Marashi, S.H., 1996. Process for the establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission. FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 913. Rome, FAO. 53 pp. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/10/05 )

Marsac, F. and J.L. Le Blanc, 1998. Dynamics Of ENSO Events In The Indian Ocean: To What Extent Would Recruitment And Catchability Of Tropical Tunas Be Affected ? Proceedings of the 7th Expert Consultation on Indian Ocean Tunas, Victoria, Seychelles, 9-14 November, 1998, pp. 89-101. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/4/05)

Meehl, G.A., J.M. Arblaster, And J. Loschnigg, 2003. Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Dynamical Processes in the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans and the TBO, Journal of Climate, 16: 2138 – 2158.

Mongruel, R. 2000. Économie politique de la rente généréé par l'exploitation industrielle et commerciale d'une ressource naturelle renouvelable: Les filières européenes du thon tropical. Doctoral Dissertation, l'Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Montpellier.

Parks, W. 1991. A Review of Indian Ocean Fisheries for Skipjack Tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, and Yellowfin Tuna, Thunnus albacares, Marine Fisheries Review 53 (1):1-9.

Sharp, Gary D., 1992. “Climate Change, the Indian Ocean Tuna Fishery, and Empiricism.” in Michael Glantz, ed., Climate Change, Climate Variability and Fisheries. Cambridge University Press, 377-416.

Stéquert, B. and F. Marsac, 1989. Tropical tuna – surface fisheries in the Indian Ocean.FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 282. FAO, Rome. 238 pp.

Sweenarain, S. and P. Cayre, 1996. Impact économique des activités thonières industrielles et perspectives de développement dans les pays membres de la Commission de l'océan Indien (Economic impact of the industrial tuna activities and their development prospects in the member-countries of the Indian Ocean Commission). Proceedings of the International Tuna Conference: Tuna Prospects and Strategies for Indian Ocean, November 27-29, 1996, Mauritius.

Webster, P.J., A.M. Moore, J.P. Loschnigg, and R.R. Leben, 1999. Coupled ocean-atmosphere dynamics in the Indian Ocean during 1997-98, Nature, 401: 356-360.

I.E Southern Bluefin Tuna and CCSBT

Barkham, Patrick, 2001. Japan Allowed to Exceed Quota of Rare Bulefin Tuna. The Guardian Unlimited, 6/07/2001.

CCSBT, (2005). Report of the Management Procdure Special Consultation. Canberra, Australia. 23 May 2005. [Available online: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

Conrad, Jon M. and Richard Adu-Asamoah (1986). "Single and Multispecies Systems: The Case of Tuna in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 13(1):50-68.

Cunningham, Jeffrey J. (1986). "Status of the Developing Fresh Yellowfin Tuna Industry in the Southeast Region, 1980-85." Draft report, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Regional Office, 9450 Koger Blvd., St. Petersburg, FL, 7 pp.

Cox, A., M. Stubbs, and L. Davies,1999. Southern Bluefin and CITES: An Economic Perspective. Report for Fisheries Research Fund and Environment Australia, ABARE Research Report 99-2. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

CSIRO Marine Research, 2001. The Facts: Southern Bluefin Tuna, Information Sheet, CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. CLICK HERE TO VIEW

CSIRO Marine Research, cited 2003. Southern Bluefin Tuna.. [Available on-line: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, cited 2003. Origins of the Convention.. [Available on-line: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

Green Peace, cited 2002. Southern Bluefin in Crisis. [Available on-line:; CLICK HERE TO VIEW.]

Human Society International, 1999. News Release: Desperate Excuses Not to Protect the Southern Bluefin Tuna. Jan. 16, 1999. (Refers to Cox et al 1999)

Kennedy, J. 1999. A Dynamic Model of Cooperative and Non-cooperative Harvesting of Southern Bluefin Tuna With an Open Access Fringe. Presented to the 1999 World Conference on Natural Resource Modeling. Halifax.

Kennedy, J. 2000. Tuna and Games: Management of the Southern Bluefin Tuna. Fisheries Economics Newsletter, 50, 1-12.

Polacheck, Tom, 2002. Experimental Catches and the Precautionary approach: the Southern Bluefin Tuna Dispute. Marine Policy, 26, 283-294.

Section II. OTHER FISHERIES / GENERAL MULTINATIONAL FISHERIES

Agüero, Max and Exequiel Gonzalez, 1996. Managing Transboundary Stocks of Small Pelagic Fish: Problems and Options. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 329, Fisheries Series, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Andresen, S. and W. Østreng (eds.), 1989. International Resource Management: the role of science and politics. Belhaven Press, London, U.K. 301 pp.

Arnason, R., G. Magnusson and S. Agnarsson, 2001. The Norwegian Spring-Spawning Herring Fisher: A Stylized Game Model, Marine Resource Economics, 15: 293-319.

Axelrod, R., 1997. The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-based Models of Competition and Collaboration. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. 248 pp.

Bardarson, Hermann, 2003. Cooperative Harvesting and Core Allocations in Fisheries. Bergen University Working Papers in Economics No. 07/03.

Bardarson, Hermann, 2003. Quota and Risk Sharing Among Fishermen. Bergen University Working Papers in Economics No. 14/03.

Baumgartner, T. R., Soutar, A., and V. Ferreira-Bartrina, 1992. Reconstruction of the history of Pacific sardine and Northern anchovy populations over the past 2 millennia from sediments of the Santa-Barbara Basin, California. CALCOFI (Calif. Cooperative Oceanic Fishery Investigations) Reports, 33:24-40.

Beamish, R. J., D. J. Noakes, G. A. McFarlane, L. Klyashtorin, V. V. Ivanov and V. Kurashov, 1999. The regime concept and natural trends in the production of Pacific salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56 (3), 516-526.

Beamish, R. J., D. J. Noakes, G. A. McFarlane, W. Pinnix, R. Sweeting and J. King, 2000: Trends in coho marine survival in relation to regime concept. Fisheries Oceanography, 9 (1), 114-119.

Bjørndal, T., and G. Munro, (2003), in press. The Management of High Seas Fisheries Resources and the Implementation of the U.N. Fish Stocks Agreement of 1995. In T. Tietenbeg and H. Folmer (Eds.), The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 2003/2004.

Boreman, J., B. S. Nakashima, J. A. Wilson and R. L. Kendall (eds.), 1997. Northwest Atlantic groundfish: Perspectives on a fishery collapse. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society.

Bradford, Michael, Ransom Myers, and James Irving, 2000. Reference points for coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) harvest rates and escapement goals based on freshwater production Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 57: 677-686.

Brodeur, R. D. and Ware, D. M.: 1992, ‘Long-term variability in zooplankton biomass in the subarctic Pacific Ocean ', Fish. Oceanography 1, 32-38.

Caddy, J. F., 1997. “Establishing a consultative mechanism or arrangement for managing shared stocks within the jurisdiction of contiguous States,” in Hancock, D.A. (ed.), Taking Stock: Defining and Managing Shared Resources. Australian Society for Fish Biology and Aquatic Resource Management Association of Australasia Joint Workshop Proceedings, Darwin, NT, Australia.

Caddy, J. F., 1999. Fisheries Management in the twenty-first century: will new paradigms apply? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 9 (1): 1-43.

Caddy, J. and J. Gulland, 1983. Historical patterns of fish stocks. Marine Policy, 7: 267-278.

Charles, A. T. and G. R. Munro,1985. "Irreversible Investment and Optimal Fisheries Management: A Stochastic Analysis." Marine Resource Economics, 1 (3):247-264.

Clark, Colin W., 1980. “Restricted Access to Common Property Fishery Resources: A Game Theoretic Analysis,” in P. Liu (ed.), Dynamic Optimization and Mathematical Economics, New York, Plenum Press: 117-132.

Cochrane, K., 1999. Complexity in fisheries and limitations in the increasing complexity of fisheries management. ICES Journal of Marine Sciences, 56 (6): 917-926.

Doulman, David J. A preliminary review of some aspects of the processes in the Western and Central Pacific ocean and the South-East Atlantic Ocean to implement the UN Fish Stocks Agreement. Conference on the Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks and the UN Agreement. Bergern, Norway 19-21 May 1999.

Doulman, D., 2000. Events Leading to the Elaboration of an International Plan of Action to Combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Prepared for the International Conference on Fisheries Monitoring, Control and Surveillance, Brussels, Belgium, 24-27 October 2000.

FAO Fisheries Department. Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit. FishSTAT Plus: Universal Software for Fishery Statistical Timeseries. Version 2.3. 2000. Commodities Production & Trade 1976-2001 Database. Nominal Export Value; Aggregate all countries and commodities;

FAO 2000. The State of the World's Fisheries. Part 1: “World Review of Fisheries and Aquaculture”. CLICK HERE TO VIEW

FAO, 2002. Report of the Norway-FAO Expert Consultation on the Management of Shared Fish Stocks, Bergen, Norway, 7-10 October 2002, FAO Fisheries Report No. 695. FAO, Rome.

Ferrara, Ida and Paul Missios, 1998. Non-use values and the management of transboundary renewable resources. Ecological Economics, 25: 281-289.

Finney, B. P., Gregory-Eaves, Douglas, M.S.V. & Smol, J.P., 2002. Fisheries productivity in the northeastern Pacific Ocean over the past 2,200 years. Nature, 416: 729 - 733.

Francis, R. I.C.C., and R. Shotton, 1997. “Risk'' in fisheries management: a review. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 54: 1699-1715.

Fujita, R. M., T. Foran and I. Zevos, 1998: Innovative approaches for fostering conservation in marine fisheries. Ecological Applications (supplement), 8 (1), S139-S150.

Greboval, Dominique and Gordon Munro, 1999. “Overcapitalization and Excess Capacity in World Fisheries: Underlying Economics and Methods of Control.” In FAO. 1999. Managing Fishing Capacity: Selected Papers on Underlying Concepts and Issues. Fisheries Technical Paper 386. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/10/05)

GLOBEC International 2005. Homepage of the GLOBEC (Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics) Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Hare, S. R., N. J. Mantua and R. C. Francis, 1999. Inverse Production Regimes: Alaska and West Coast Pacific Salmon. Fisheries, 24(1): 6-14.

Hare, S. R., and N. J. Mantua, 2000. Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989. Progress in Oceanography, 47:103-145.

Hilborn, R., J. Maguire, and A. Parma, 2001. The Precautionary Approach and risk management: Can they increase the probability of successes in fishery management? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58: 99-107.

Homans, Frances R. and James E. Wilen, 2005. Markets and Ren Dissipation in Regulated Open Access Fisheries. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 49(2005) 381-404.

Hutchings, J., 2001. Conservation biology of marine fishes: perceptions and caveats regarding assignment of extinction risk. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 58: 108-121.

Hutchings, J. H. and R. H. Myers, 1994: What can be learned from the collapse of a renewable resource: Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua ), off Newfoundland and Labrador. Can. J. Fish. Aquatic Sci., 51, 2126-2146.

Jackson J., Kirby M., Berger, W., Bjorndal, K., Botsford, L. et al., 2001. Historical overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems. Science 293: 629-638.

Jorgensen, S. and D. W. K. Yeung, 1996. Stochastic Differential Game Model of a Common Property Fishery. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, 90 (2): 381-403.

Kaczynski, V. M. and D. L. Fluharty, 2002. European policies in West Africa: who benefits from fisheries agreements? Marine Policy 26: 75–93. CLICK HERE TO VIEW (visited 5/5/05) 230.0

Kaitala, V., and M. Pohjola. 1988. Optimal Recovery of a Shared Resource Stock. Natural Resource Modeling 3:91-119.

Knudsen, E. E., C. R. Steward, D. D. MacDonald, J. E. Williams, and D. W. Reiser (eds.), Sustainable Fisheries Management: Pacific Salmon. CRC - Lewis Publishers, New York. 724pp.

Laukkanen, Marita, 2003. Cooperative and non-cooperative harvesting in a stochastic sequential fishery. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 45: 454-473.

Leung, PingSun, Kunt Heen and Hermann Bardarson, 20001. “Regional Impacts of fish resources utilization from the Barents Sea. European Journal of Operations Research 133 432-446.

Mace, Georgina M.,and E.J. Hudson, 1999. Attitudes towards Sustainability and Extinction. Conservation Biology, 13 (2): 242-246.

MacGarvin, M., 2001: Fisheries: Taking Stock. In Harremoës, et al., (eds.), Late Lessons From Early Warnings: The Precautionary Principle 1896-2000. Report No. 22. European Environment Agency, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 17-30.

Maunder, Mark N. and Andre E. Punt, 2004. Standardizing catch and effort data: a review of recent approaches. Fisheries Research. 70: 141-159.

McAllister, M., and G. Kirkwood, 1998. Using Bayesian decision analysis to help achieve a precautionary approach for managing developing fisheries. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55: 2642-2661.

McKay, B. J., 1995: Property rights and fisheries management. Ocean and Coastal Management (special issue), 28, 1-189.

McKelvey, R., 1997: Game theoretic insights into the international management of fisheries. Natural Resource Modeling, 10 (2), 129-171.

McKelvey, R., and P. Golubtsov 2002. The Effects of Incomplete Information in Stochastic Common Stock Harvesting Games. Submitted to International Game Theory Review. A preliminary version appeared in Proceedings of ISDG2002, International Society for Dynamic Games, St. Petersburg State University, Russia, pp. 582-603.

McKelvey, R., K. Miller and P. Golubtsov, 2003. Fish-Wars Revisited: Stochastic Incomplete-Information Harvesting Game, in Justus Wesseler, ed., Risk, Economic Response and the Environment, Edward Elgar, In Press.

McKelvey, R, L. K. Sandal and S.I. Steinshamn, 2003. Regional Fisheries Management on the High Seas: The Hit-And-Run Interloper Model. International Game Theory Review, 5 (4), 328-345.

Miller, K. A., 2003. North American Pacific Salmon: A Case of Fragile Cooperation. FAO Fisheries Report No. 695 Supplement: Papers presented at the Norway-FAO Expert Consultation on the Management of Shared Fish Stocks, Bergen, Norway, 7-10 October 2002, pp. 105-122. FAO, Rome.

Miller, K. A. and G. R. Munro, 2002. “Cooperation and Conflict in the Management of Transboundary Fishery Resources,” in Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economics, Monterey, CA June 2002. available online: CLICK HERE TO VIEW.

Miller, K., G. Munro, T. McDorman, R. McKelvey, and P. Tydemers, 2001. “The 1999 Pacific Salmon Agreement: A Sustainable Solution?” Occasional Papers: Canadian-American Public Policy, No. 47, Canadian-American Center, University of Maine, Orono.

Minns, Charles, 1997. Quantifying no net loss'' of productivity of fish habitats”. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 54: 2463-2473.

Munro, G. R., 1987. The Management of Shared Fishery Resources Under Extended Jurisdiction, Marine Resource Economics, 3 (4): 271-296.

Munro, G. R. and R. L. Stokes, 1989. “The Canada-United States Pacific Salmon Treaty,” in D. McRae and G. Munro, (eds.), Canadian Oceans Policy: National Strategies and the New Law of the Sea, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, 17-35.

Munro, G. R., 1990. The Optimal Management of Transboundary Fisheries: Game Theoretic Considerations, Natural Resource Modeling, 4 (4): 403-426.

Munro, G.R., 2000. On the Economic Management of “Shared Fishery Resources,” in A. Hatcher and D. Tingley (eds.), International Relations and the Common Fisheries Policy, Portsmouth, Centre for the Economics and Management of Aquatic Resources, University of Portsmouth, 149-167.

Munro, G.R., 2001. The United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement of 1995: History and Problems of Implementation. Marine Resource Economics 15: 265-280.

Munro, G. R., 2003. “Discussion Paper on the Management of Shared Fish Stocks,” pp. 2-29 in FAO Fisheries Report No. 695 Supplement: Papers presented at the Norway-FAO Expert Consultation on the Management of Shared Fish Stocks, Bergen, Norway, 7-10 October 2002,. FAO, Rome.

Munro, Gordon, A. Van Houtte, and R. Willman, 2004. The conservation and management of shared fish stocks: legal and economic aspects. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 465. FAO, Rome.

Myers, R. A. and G. Mertz, 1998: The limits of exploitation: a precautionary approach. Ecological Applications (supplement), 8 (1), S165-S169.

Newell, Richard G., James N. Sanchiro and Suzi Kerr (2005). Fishing Quota Markets. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 49:437-462.

Nickelson, T. E.: 1986, Influences of Upwelling, Ocean Temperature, and Smolt Abundance on Marine Survival of Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in the Oregon Production Area, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 43, 527-535.

Nishida, Tom and Ding-Geng Chen, 2004. Incorporating spatial autocorrelation into the general linear model with an application to the yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) longline CPUE data. Fisheries Research. 70: 265-274.

OECD (2004). Economics of IUU Fishing Activities. Published by the Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Committee. March 2004.

Pearcy, W. G., 1992. Ocean Ecology of North Pacific Salmonids. Univ. of Washington Press, Seattle.

Pitcher, T.J., P. J. B. Hart and D. Pauly (eds.), 1998. Reinventing Fisheries Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 435pp.

Ranke, W., 2003. “Co-operative Fisheries Management Issues in the Baltic Sea,” pp. 123-132 in FAO Fisheries Report No. 695 Supplement: Papers presented at the Norway-FAO Expert Consultation on the Management of Shared Fish Stocks, Bergen, Norway, 7-10 October 2002,. FAO, Rome.

Reed, W. J., 1978. The Steady State of a Stochastic Harvesting Model. Mathematical Biosciences, 41, 273-307

Reed, W. J., 1979. Optimal Escapement Levels in Stochastic and Deterministic Harvesting Models. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 6, 350-363.

Restrepo, V., and J. Powers, 1999. Precautionary control rules in US fisheries management: Specification and performance. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 56 (6): 846-852.

Richards, L., and J.-J. Maguire, 1998. Recent international agreements and the precautionary approach: new directions for fisheries management science. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55: 1545-1552.

Roughgarden, J., 1998: How to manage fisheries. Ecological Applications (supplement), 8 (1), S160-S164.

Sanchirico, James N. (2005). “Additivity properties in metapopulation models: implications for the assessments of marine reserves. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 49:1-25.

Sanchirico, James N. and James E. Wilen (2005). “Optimal spatial management of renewable resources: matching policy scope to ecosystem scale. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. In Press.

Sandler, T. and F. P. Sterbenz,1990. Harvest Uncertainty and the Tragedy of the Commons. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 18:155-167.

Serdy, Andrew, 2005. One fin, two fins, red fins, bluefins: some problems of nomenclature and taxonomy affecting legal instruments goveringing tuna and other highly migratory species. Marine Policy. 28: 235-247.

Sinclair, M., R. Arnason, J. Csirke, Z. Karnicki, J. Sigurjonsson, H. Rune Skjoldal, G. Valdimarsson, 2002. Responsible fisheries in the marine ecosystem. Fisheries Research, 58 (3): 255-265.

Sinclair, M., R. O. Boyle, D. L. Burke and G. Peacock, 1997: Why do some fisheries survive and others collapse? Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The State of Science and Management, Second World Fisheries Congress. D. A. Hancock, D. C. Smith, A. Grant and J. P. Beumer [Ed.], Brisbaine, Australia. 283-290.

Smith, Martin D. and James E. Wilen, 2003. Economic Impacts of marine reserves: the importance of spatial behavior. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 46:183-206.

Sobel, M. J., 1982. “Stochastic fishery games with myopic equilibria,” in L. J. Mirman and D. F. Spulber, Essays in the Economics of Renewable Resources. North Holland Publishing, Amsterdam, pp. 259-268.

Steele, J. H., 1984. Modeling Long-Term Fluctuations in Fish Stocks. Science, 224, 985-987.

Steele, J. H., 1998. Regime Shifts in Marine Ecosystems. Ecological Applications (supplement), 8 (1), S33-S36.

Stokke, O. S. (Ed.), 2001. Governing High Seas Fisheries: The Interplay of Global and Regional Regimes. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 365.

Stokke, O. S., L. G. Anderson and N. Mirovitskaya, 1999. “The Barents Sea Fisheries,” in O. Young (ed.), The Effectiveness of International Environmental Regimes: Causal Connections and Behavioral Mechanisms. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 91-154.

Sumaila, Ussif Rashid, 1998. Protected marine reserves as fisheries management tools: a bioeconomic analysis”. Fisheries Research, 37: 287-296

Symes, David (ed.), 1998. Property Rights and Regulatory Systems in Fisheries. Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK. 268 pp.

Ueber, E. and A. MacCall, 1992. “The rise and fall of the California sardine empire,” in M. H. Glantz (ed.), Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Wilson, J. A., 1982. The Economical Management of Multispecies Fisheries. Land Economics, 58 (4): 417-434.

Xie, L. and Hsieh, W., 1989. “Predicting the return migration routes of the Fraser River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 46, 1287-92.

II. A Climate Change and Uncertainty Fisheries

Alheit, J. and E. Hagen, 1997. Long-term climate forcing of European herring and sardine populations. Fisheries Oceanography, 6: 130-139.

Alheit, J. and E. Hagen, 2001. “The Effect of Climatic Variation on Pelagic Fish and Fisheries.” pp. 247-265 in Jones, P.D., A.E.J. Ogilvie, T.D. Davies and K.R. Briffa (eds.) History and Climate: Memories of the Future? Kluwer, New York.

Anderson, J. J., 2000. “Decadal Climate Cycles and Declining Columbia River Salmon,” pp. 467-484 in E. E. Knudsen, C. R. Steward, D. D. MacDonald, J. E. Williams, and D. W. Reiser (eds.), Sustainable Fisheries Management: Pacific Salmon. CRC - Lewis Publishers, New York. 724pp.

Atkinson, D. B., G. A. Rose, E. F. Murphy and C. A. Bishop, 1997: Distribution changes and abundance of northern cod (Gadus morhua), 1981-1993. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 54 (supplement 1), 132-138.

Bakun, A., 1996. Patterns in the Ocean: Ocean Process and Marine Population Dynamics. California Sea Grant/CIB, La Paz, Mexico. 323 pp.

Bakun, A. 1998. Ocean triads and radical interdecadal variation: bane and boon to scientific fisheries management. pp.331-358 in T. J. Pitcher, P. J. B. Hart and D. Pauly (eds.), Reinventing Fisheries Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 435pp.

Bakun, A., and K. Broad (Eds.), 2002. Climate and Fisheries: Interacting Paradigms, Scales and Policy Approaches. Report of the IRI-IPRC Pacific Climate-Fisheries Workshop, Honolulu, 14-17 November, 2001. International Research Institute for Climate Prediction, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.

Beamish, R. J., and Bouillon, D. R.: 1993, ‘Pacific salmon production trends in relation to climate', Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50, 1002-1016.

Beamish, R. J., 1995. “Response of anadromous fish to climate change in the North Pacific,” pp. 123-136 in D. L. Peterson and D. R. Johnson (eds.), Human Ecology and Climate Change: People and Resources in the Far North. Taylor and Francis, Washington D. C.

Beamish, R. J., C. Mahnken and C. M. Neville, 1997: Hatchery and wild production of Pacific salmon in relation to large-scale, natural shifts in the productivity of the marine environment. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54, 1200-1215.

Beamish, R. J., G. A. McFarlane and J. R. King, 1999. Fisheries Climatology: understanding decadal scale processes that naturally regulate British Columbia fish populations. Fisheries Oceanography: An Integrative Approach to Fisheries Ecology and Management. T. Parsons and P. Harrison [Ed.]. Blackwell Science Ltd. Osney, Oxford, UK. 94-145.

Bockstael, N.E. and J.J. Opaluch, 1983. Discrete Modeling of Supply Response Under Uncertainty: The Case of the Fishery. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 10:125-137.

Boesch, D.F., J.C. Field, and D. Scavia (eds.), 2000: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change on Coastal Areas and Marine Resources: Report of the Coastal Areas and Marine Resources Sector Team, U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, U.S. Global Change Research Program. NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series Number 21. NOAA Coastal Ocean Program, Silver Springs, MD, 163 pp.

Chatters J. C., Neitzel, D. A., Scott, M. J., and Shankle, S. A.: 1991, ‘Potential Impacts of Global Climate Change on Pacific Northwest Spring Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha): An Exploratory Case Study', The Northwest Environmental Journal 7, 71-92.

Charles, A. T.,1983. "Optimal Fisheries Investment Under Uncertainty." Can J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 40: 2080-2091.

Downton, M. W. and K. A. Miller, 1998: Relationships between Alaskan salmon catch and North Pacific climate on interannual and decadal time scales. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55, 2255-2265.

Francis, R. C., S. R. Hare, A. B. Hollowed and W. S. Wooster, 1998: Effects of interdecadal climate variability on the oceanic ecosystems of the northeast Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography, 7, 1-21.

Gargett, A. E.: 1997, ‘The optimal stability "window": a mechanism underlying decadal fluctuations in North Pacific salmon stocks?', Fisheries Oceanography 6(2), 109-117.

Hamilton, C, Duncan C., Flanders N.E., 1998. “ Management, Adaptation and Large-scale Environmental Change,” pp.17-33 in Symes, D. (ed.), Property Rights and Regulatory Systems in Fisheries, Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.

Hofmann, E. E. and T. M. Powell, 1998: Environmental variability effects on marine fisheries: four case histories. Ecological Applications, 8 (1), S23-S32.

Hollowed, A.B., S.R. Hare, and W. S. Wooster, 2001. Pacific Basin climate variability and patterns of Northeast Pacific marine fish production” Progress In Oceanography. 49: 257-282.

IRI (International Research Institute for Climate Prediction), 2000. Workshop on Interannual Climate Variability and Pelagic Fisheries. Nouméa, Nouvelle Calédonie, 6-24 November 2000. Publication IRI-CW/01/3. IRI: Palisades, New York, 32pp.

Kennedy, V.S., Twilley, R.R., Kleypas, J.A., Cowan Jr., J.H., and Hare, S.R., 2002: Coastal and Marine Ecosystems and Global Climate Change: Potential Effects on U.S. Resources. Report prepared for Pew Center on Global Climate Change, 52pp.

Lehodey, P., 2001. The pelagic ecosystem of the tropical Pacific Ocean: dynamic spatial modelling and biological consequences of ENSO. Progress In Oceanography. Volume 49: 439-468.

Lehodey, P., M. Bertignac, J. Hampton, A. Lewis and J. Picaut, 1997. El Niño Southern Oscillation and tuna in the western Pacific. Nature, 389: 715-718.

Lehodey, Patrick, 2002. OFCCP GLOBEC: Ocean Fisheries and Climate Change Project: Report to GLOBEC SSC on the implementation of the project. Draft report available from the author: patrickl@spc.int

Lluch-Cota, D. B., S. Hernández and S. Lluch-Cota, 1997: Empirical investigation on the relationship between climate and small pelagic global regimes and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). FAO Fisheries Circular No. 934, FIRM/C9334. 48 pp.

Mantua, N. J., Hare, S.R., Zhang, Y., Wallace, J.M., and Francis, R.C. 1997, ‘A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78(6), 1069-1079.

Markowski, M., A. Knapp, J. E. Neumann and J. Gates, 1999: The economic impact of climate change on the US commercial fishing industry. The Impact of Climate Change on the United States Economy. R. Mendelsohn and J. E. Neumann [Ed.]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Marshall, J., Y. Kushnir, D. Battisti, P. Chang, A. Czaja, R. Dickson, J. Hurrell, M. McCartney, R. Saravanan, and M. Visbeck, 2001. North Atlantic Climate Variability: Phenomena, Impacts, and Mechanisms. International Journal of Climatology, 21, 1863-1898.

McFarlane, G.A., J. R. King, R.J. Beamish, 2000. Have there been recent changes in climate? Ask the fish. Progress In Oceanography. 47: 147-169.

Miller, K. A., and Fluharty, D. L.: 1992, ‘El Niño and Variability in the Northeast Pacific Salmon Fishery', in Glantz, M. H. (ed.), Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries, Cambridge University Press, pp. 49-88.

Miller, K. A., 2000: Pacific salmon fisheries: Climate, information and adaptation in a conflict-ridden context. Climatic Change, 45 (1), 37-61.

O'Brien, C.M., C. J. Fox, B. Planque and J. Casey, 2000. Climate variability and North Sea cod. Nature, 404: 142.

Ottersen, G., and Stenseth, N.C., 2001. Atlantic climate governs oceanographic and ecological variability in the Barents Sea. Limnol. Oceanogr., 46 (7), 1774-1780.

Parsons, L.S., and Lear, W.H., 2001. Climate variability and marine ecosystem impacts: a North Atlantic perspective. Progress In Oceanography, 49: 167-188.

Patterson, K., 1999. Evaluating uncertainty in harvest control law catches using Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo virtual population analysis with adaptive rejection sampling and including structural uncertainty. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56: 208-221.

Pearcy, W. G.: 1997, “Salmon Production in Changing Ocean Domains”, in Strouder, D. J., Bisson, P. A., and Naiman, R. J. (eds.), Pacific Salmon and their Ecosystems: Status and Future Options, Chapman and Hall, New York, pp. 331-352.

Polovina, J. J., G. T. Mitchum and G. T. Evans, 1995. Decadal and basin-scale variation in mixed layer depth and the impact on biological production in the central and north Pacific, 1960-1988. Deep-Sea Research, 42, 1201-1716.

Pontecorvo, G., 2001. Supply side uncertainty and the management of commercial fisheries: Peruvian Anchovetta, an illustration. Marine Policy, 25: 169-175.

Pontecorvo, G., 2002. Insularity of scientific disciplines and uncertainty about supply: the two keys to the failure of fisheries management. Marine Policy, 27, 69-73.

Roemmich, D. and J. McGowan, 1995: Climate warming and the decline of zooplankton in the California current. Science, 267, 1324-1326.

Slooten, E., D. Fletcher, B.L Taylor, 2000. Accounting for Uncertainty in Risk Assessment: Case Study of Hector's Dolphin Mortality due to Gillnet Entanglement Conservation Biology, 14 (5): 1264-1270.

Stenseth, N.C., A. Mysterud, G. Ottersen, J. W. Hurrell, K.-S., Chan, and M. Lima, 2002. Ecological Effects of Climate Fluctuations, Science, 297, 1292-1296.

Sugimoto, T., S. Kimura, K. Tadokoro, 2001. Impact of El Niño events and climate regime shift on living resources in the western North Pacific. Progress In Oceanography, 49: 113-127.

Trodec, J.-P., 2000. Adaptation opportunities to climate variability and change in the exploitation and utilization of marine living resources. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 61: 101-121.

Walters, C., and Parma, A., 1996. Fixed exploitation rate strategies for coping with effects of climate change. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 53, 148-158.

Yáñez, E., M.A. Barbieri, C. Silva, K. Nieto, F. Espíndola, 2001. Climate variability and pelagic fisheries in northern Chile. Progress In Oceanography, 49: 581-596.

Section III. Climate Change, Climate Variability and Uncertainty (beyond fisheries)

Beddington, J.R. and Robert M. May (1977). "Harvesting Natural Populations in a Randomly Fluctuating Environment." Science, 197: 463-465.

Bering Sea Impacts Study (BESIS), 1999: Assessing the consequences of climate change in Alaska and the Bering Sea region. Proceedings of a workshop at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, 29-30 October 1998, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Center for Global Change and Arctic System Research. 94. CLICK HERE TO VIEW

Ebbesmeyer, C. C., D. R. Cayan, D. R. McLain, F. H. Nichols, D. H. Peterson and K. T. Redmond, 1991: 1976 step in the Pacific climate: Forty environmental changes between 1968-1975 and 1977-1984. Proc. Seventh Annual Pacific Climate (PACLIM) Workshop, April 1990, Pacific Grove, California Department of Water Resources, Interagency Ecological Studies Program. 115-126.

Hurrell, J.W. and R. R. Dickson, 2003. “Climate Variability over the North Atlantic,” in Stenseth, N.C., G. Ottersen, J. W. Hurrell and A. Belgrano (eds.), Ecological Effects of Climate Variations in the North Atlantic. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Latif, M., and Barnett, T.P.: 1996, ‘Decadal climate variability over the North Pacific and North America: Dynamics and predictability', Journal of Climate 9, 2407-2423.

Ludwig, D., R. Hilborn and C. Walters, 1993. Uncertainty, Resource Exploitation and Conservation: Lessons from History. Science, 260: 17, 36.

Meehl, G.A., J.M. Arblaster, And J. Loschnigg, 2003. Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Dynamical Processes in the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans and the TBO. Journal of Climate, 16: 2138 – 2158.

Schwing, F.B.; T. Murphree, L. deWitt, and P.M. Green, 2002. The evolution of oceanic and atmospheric anomalies in the northeast Pacific during the El Niño and La Niña events of 1995-2001. Progress in Oceanography, 54: 459-491.

Trenberth, K. E., and Hurrell, J. W.: 1994, ‘Decadal atmosphere-ocean variations in the Pacific', Climate Dynamics 9, 303-319.

Trenberth, K. E., and Hoar, T. J., 1996. The 1990-1995 El Niño-Southern Oscillation event: Longest on record, Geophysical Research Letters 23(1): 57-60.

Van Loon, H. and J. C. Rogers, 1978. The seesaw in winter temperatures between Greenland and northern Europe. Part I: General description. Monthly Weather Review, 106: 296-310.

Ware, D. M., 1995: A century and a half of change in the climate of the NE Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography, 4, 267-277.

Wooster, W.S. and D.L. Fluharty (eds.) 1985. El Niño North: Niño Effects in the Eastern Subarctic Pacific Ocean.Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, Seattle.

Zhang, Y., Wallace, J. M., and Iwasaka, N.: 1996, ‘Is climate variability over the North Pacific a linear response to ENSO?' Journal of Climate, 9: 1468-1478.

Section IV. Dissertations in Marine Science and Uncertainty

Agostini, Vera N. Climate, Ecology and Productivity of Pacific Sardine (Sardinopsagax) and Hake (Merluccius Productus).2005.

Alvarez-Flores, Carlos Miguel. Uncertainty in the Management of Activities Affecting Marine Mammal Populations. the Tuna-Dolphin Conflict, a Case Study.2002.

Arceo-Briseno, Patricia. Toward a Precautionary Approach in Fisheries Management: Results from a Simulation Model.2001.

Armsworth, Paul R. Topics in Theoretical Ecology: Ecological Economic Theory for Protected Area Design and the Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Directed Versus Random Movement.2004.

Bettridge, Shannon Olivia Marie. The Role of Planning in Marine Resource Management: The Effect of Differing Legislative Mandates on the Atlantic Large Whale Take Reduction Plan.2005.

Brennan, William Joseph. Overcoming Transaction Cost Impediments to Resolving the Dilemma of Collective Action in the New England Fisheries.2002.

Calamia, Mark Anthony. Expressions of Customary Marine Tenure and Environmental Entitlements: A Case Study Involving Common Property Regimes in a Fijian Outer Island Group.2003.

Carr, Christopher James. The Legal Status of Highly Migratory Species, 1970--2000: A Case Study of Debate and Innovation in International Fisheries Law.2004.

Chan, Ricky Wai Kee. Biological Studies on Sharks Caught Off the Coast of New South Wales.2001.

Chapple, Clive. THREE ESSAYS ON THE MANAGEMENT OF NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES (POLLUTION, OIL SPILLS, ZINC INDUSTRY, PRICE PARTICIPATION SYSTEM).1998.

Chen, Chung-ling. Game-Theoretic Approaches to the Joint Management of Chub Mackerel in Northeast Asian Seas.2004.

Cid, Gonzalo A. The Role of Regional Economic Agreements in Marine Resource Conservation.2004.

Costello, Christopher James. Renewable Resource Management with Information on a Random Environment.2000.

Doherty, Penelope Ann. Population Trends and Fishery Closure Impacts on Sea Turtles in the Northwest Atlantic.2002.

Fauzi, Akhmad. THE MANAGEMENT OF COMPETING MULTI SPECIES FISHERIES: A CASE STUDY OF A SMALL PELAGIC FISHERY ON THE NORTH COAST OF CENTRAL JAVA (INDONESIA, BIOECONOMICS).1998.

Guo, Min. A Comparative Study of Institutional Arrangements for Integrated Coastal Area Management.2001.

Hassan, H. R. An Analysis of World Production and Trade in Principle Market Tunas. 2001.

Hatton, Ian. Graphical Decision Analysis of Exploited Fisheries.2004.

Haynie, Alan C. The Expected Profit Model: A New Method to Measure the Welfare Impacts of Marine Protected Areas.2005.

Heberer, Craig Franklin. ESTIMATION OF BYCATCH AND DISCARD RATES FOR PELAGIC FISH SPECIES CAPTURED IN THE TUNA LONGLINE FISHERY OF THE FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA (TAIWAN, CHINA, JAPAN).1997.

Hee, Derek Douglas. SAFETY MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT SYSTEM (SMAS): A PROCESS FOR IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING HUMAN ORGANIZATION FACTORS IN MARINE SYSTEMS.1997.

Hilden, Mikael Philip. RISK, UNCERTAINTY, INDETERMINACY AND IGNORANCE IN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT: AN ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT ADVICE.1997.

Hoagland, Porter. Toward the Practicable Control of Marine Fisheries Bycatch: A Public Policy Analysis.2000.

Jiao, Yan. Modeling Uncertainty in Fish Population Dynamics.2004.

Kaplan, Isaac C. Ecosystem Modeling of Marine Populations.2004.

Knowler, Duncan John. Valuing the Commercial Fishing Benefits of Joint Environmental Protection and Fisheries Management Policies: A Case Study of the Black Sea (Turkey).2000.

Laukkanen, Lea Marita. Economic Insight into Fish Wars: Cooperation and Conflicts in the Management of Shared Fishery Resources.2001.

Leslie, Heather M. Advancing Marine Reserve Science: From Field Experiments to Marine Conservation Planning Tools.2004.

Metz, Tasha Lynn. Factors Influencing Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle (Lepidochelys Kempii) Distribution in Nearshore Waters and Implications for Management.2004.

Missios, Paul Christopher. Three Essays on Environmental and Natural Resource Management and Policy.2000.

Mohamed, Isaam. Globalization, Governance and Development: The Case of the Maldives.2004.

Perruso, Lawrence A. Three Essays on Production Models in Multispecies Fisheries.2003.

Pradhan, Naresh Chand. Three Essays on the Economics of Hawaii 's Longline Fishery: Modeling Fishers' Behavior.2003.

Rivera-Arriaga, Evelia. International Aid: Assessment of Coastal and Marine Management Initiatives in the Latin American and Caribbean Region.2002.

Schnier, Kurt Erik. Economic Analysis of Spatially Heterogeneous Resources: The Case of the Fishery.2003.

Seetharaman, Peruvemba B. ESSAYS ON DYNAMIC CHOICE BEHAVIOR (STOCKPILING, BRAND CHOICE, HOUSEHOLDS).1998.

Sethi, Gautam. Fishery Management Under Uncertainty.2001.

Shuford, Rebecca Lindsley. Age and Growth, and Distribution as Inferred from Microchemical Analysis of Juvenile Otoliths, for Yellowfin Tuna, Thunnus Albacares, from the Atlantic Ocean.2005.

Smith, Jennifer E. Factors Influencing Algal Blooms on Tropical Reefs with an Emphasis on Herbivory, Nutrients and Invasive Species.2003.

Snover, Melissa Louise. Growth and Ontogeny of Sea Turtles using Skeletochronology: Methods, Validation and Application to Conservation.2002.

Sokhan, Savuth. Marine Fisheries Management in Cambodia: Offshore Fisheries Sustainable Development.2002.

Stokesbury, Michael J. W. Movement and Environmental Preferences of Large Marine Predators by Electronic Tagging.2005.

Walsh, Virginia Maria. INTERNATIONAL MARKETS AND INTERSTATE COOPERATION: UNITED STATES-JAPANESE EFFORTS TO CONSERVE OCEAN LIFE, 1950-1995 (CONSERVATION).1996.

Wilcox, Chris. Conservation of Endangered Systems: Using Modeling and Empirical Investigations to Assess the Dynamics of Endangered Species and their Threats.2002.

Woodrow, E. Maureen. Resistance to Regulatory Changes in the Fishery: A Study of Selected Communities of Bonavista North, Newfoundland.1996.

Section V. Marine Resource Economics

Barclay, Kate, and Wakabayashi Yoshikazu. "Solomon Taiyo Ltd--Tuna Dreams Realised?" Pacific Economic Bulletin 15.1 (2000): 34-47.

Barkin, J. Samuel, and George E. Shambaugh. Anarchy and the Environment: The International Relations of Common Pool Resources. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Basson, M. "The Simulation Approach to Evaluating Fisheries Assessment and Management Tools: What can it do for the IOTC?" IOTC Proceedings 5 (2002): 74-9.

Beltran Morales, Luis F. "Economic and Social Effects Caused by the NAFTA in the Fisheries of Tuna in Baja California Sur, Mexico." Problemas del Desarrollo 33.129 (2002): 43-53.

Boggs, C. H. "Depth, Capture Time, and Hooked Longevity of Longline-Caught Pelagic Fish: Timing Bites of Fish with Chips." Fishery Bulletin 90.4 (1992): 642-58.

Bose, Shekar, and Alistair McIlgorm. "Substitutability among Species in the Japanese Tuna Market: A Cointegration Analysis." Marine Resource Economics 11.3 (1996): 143-55.

Brasao, Ana, Clara Costa Duarte, and Maria A. Cunha-E-Sa. "Managing the Northern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fisheries: The Stability of the UN Fish Stock Agreement Solution." Marine Resource Economics 15.4 (2000): 341-60.

Campbell, Harry F., G. Meyer, and R. B. Nicholl. "Search Behavior in the Purse Seine Tuna Fishery." Natural Resource Modeling 7.1 (1993): 15-35.

Campbell, Harry F., and R. B. Nicholl. "Allocating Yellowfin Tuna between the Multispecies Purse Seine and Longline Fleets." Marine Resource Economics 10.1 (1995): 35-58.

---. "Can Purse Seiners Target Yellowfin Tuna?" Land Economics 70.3 (1994): 345-54.

Campbell, R., et al. Review and Analysis of Information for Determination of Total Allowable Catches and Decision Rules for the Southern and Western Tuna and Billfish Fishery: Compilation of Related Project Papers. Hobart, Tas. (Australia): CSIRO, 2003.

Carroll, Michael T., James L. Anderson, and Josue Martinez-Garmendia. "Pricing U.S. North Atlantic Bluefin Tuna and Implications for Management." Agribusiness 17.2 (2001): 243-54.

Caton, AE. Report on 3rd Meeting, South Pacific Albacore Research Group. CANBERRA, A.C.T. (AUSTRALIA): AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES AND ENERGY, 1991.

Chand, Satish, R. Quentin Grafton, and Elizabeth Petersen. "Multilateral Governance of Fisheries: Management and Cooperation in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries." Marine Resource Economics 18.4 (2003): 329-44.

Chang, S. K., C. C. Hsu, and H. C. Liu. "Management Implication on Indian Ocean Albacore from Simple Yield Analysis Incorporating Parameter Uncertainty." Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 51.1 (2001): 1-10.

Chiang, Fu-Sung, Jonq-Ying Lee, and Mark G. Brown. "The Impact of Inventory on Tuna Price: An Application of Scaling in the Rotterdam Inverse Demand System." Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 33.3 (2001): 403-11.

Chin, Shan-non (Ph D.). "Fishery Management: Management of Tuna Harvest with Dolphin Mortality in the Eastern Tropical Pacific." (1993)

Coan, A. L. "Production Model Analyses from Atlantic Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus Albacares) 1964 to 1978: How are the Conclusions Affected by Current CPUE Estimates?" Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT (1980)

Copes, Parzival. "Access and Management in the Tuna Fisheries of the Pacific Islands Region." Resources and Environment in Asia 's Marine Sector. Ed. James Barney Marsh ed. Washington and London: Taylor and Francis, 1992. 59-84.

Cowling, A., G. Laslett, and CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart (Australia). Research Proposal within RMP: Development of a Spatial Model for the Surface Abundance of SBT in the GAB. Vol. 2., 1998.

Cowling, A., J. O'Reilly, and CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart (Australia). Data Analysis of the Aerial Survey (1993-1999) for Juvenile Southern Bluefin Tuna in the Great Australian Bight. Hobart, Tas. (Australia): CSIRO, 1999.

---. Proposal for 2000 Aerial Survey for Juvenile Southern Bluefin Tuna in the Great Australian Bight. Hobart, Tas. (Australia): CSIRO, 1999.

Cowling, A., T. Polacheck, and CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart (Australia). Proposed Research for 1998/99 Aerial Survey of Southern Bluefin Tuna Over the Great Australian Bight. Vol. 1., 1998.

CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart (Australia), and National Research Inst. of Far Seas Fisheries, Shimizu (Japan). Southern Bluefin Tuna Recruitment Program (1993-1998): Final Report. Ed. T. L. O. Davis. Hobart, Tas. (Australia): CSIRO, 1999.

Dalton, Michael G. "El Nino, Expectations, and Fishing Effort in Monterey Bay, California." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 42.3 (2001): 336-59.

Deriso, RB. Bayesian Analysis of Stock Survival and Recovery of Spring and Summer Chinook of the Snake River Basin. Ed. J. M. Berkson, L. L. Kline, and D. J. Orth. Vol. 27. 5410 Grosvenor Ln. Ste. 110 Bethesda MD 20814-2199 USA, [URL: CLICK HERE TO VIEW]: American Fisheries Society, 2002.

DeSombre, Elizabeth R. "Fishing Under Flags of Convenience: Using Market Power to Increase Participation in International Regulation." Global Environmental Politics 5.4 (2005): 73-94.

---. "Tuna Fishing and Common Pool Resources." Anarchy and the Environment: The International Relations of Common Pool Resources. Ed. J. Samuel Barkin and George E. Shambaugh eds. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999. 51-69.

Die, D., P. Pallares, and L. Kell. "The Effect of Time-Correlated Uncertainty on the Management of Yellowfin Tuna Stocks." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 54.5 (2002): 1671-81.

Duarte, Clara Costa, Ana Brasao, and Pedro Pintassilgo. "Management of the Northern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna: An Application of C-Games." Marine Resource Economics 15.1 (2000): 21-36.

Enriquez-Andrade, Roberto Ramon, and Juan Guillermo Vaca-Rodriguez. "Evaluating Ecological Tradeoffs in Fisheries Management: A Study Case for the Yellowfin Tuna Fishery in the Eastern Pacific Ocean." Ecological Economics 48.3 (2004): 303-15.

Fok, Dennis, and Philip Hans Franses. "Forecasting Market Shares from Models for Sales." International Journal of Forecasting 17.1 (2001): 121-8.

Fonteneau, A. "A Review of Past and Present Modelling of Tropical Tuna Fishing in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean." Operations Research and Management in Fishing. Ed. A. Guimaraes Rodrigues ed. NATO Advanced Science Institute Series E: Applied Sciences vol. 189 Norwell, Mass.; Dordrecht and London: Kluwer Academic in cooperation with NATO Scientific Affairs Division, 1990. 153-165.

Fromentin, Jean-Marc, and Joseph E. Powers. "Atlantic Bluefin Tuna: Population Dynamics, Ecology, Fisheries and Management." Fish and Fisheries 6.4 (2005): 281-306.

Gerber, L. R., et al. "Marine Mammals: New Objectives in U.S. Fishery Management." Reviews in Fisheries Science 7.1 (1999): 23-38.

Grewe, PM, John Hampton, and CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart (Australia). An Assessment of Bigeye (Thunnus Obesus) Population Structure in the Pacific Ocean, Based on Mitochondrial DNA and DNA Microsatellite Analysis. Hobart, Tas. (Australia): CSIRO, 1998.

Grynberg, Roman, and Martin Tsamenyi. "Fisheries Subsidies, the WTO and the Pacific Island Tuna Fisheries." Journal of World Trade 32.6 (1998): 127-45.

Grynberg, Roman. " Lome Convention Rules of Origin and the Solomon Islands Tuna Industry: Handicapped Infants and Delinquent Parents." 'Rules of Origin' Issues in Pacific Island Development. Ed. Roman Grynberg. Development Issues, no. 8. Canberra: Asia Pacific Press, 1998. 1-52.

Hall, M. A., D. L. Alverson, and K. I. Metuzals. "By-Catch: Problems and Solutions." Marine pollution bulletin 41.1-6 (2000): 204-19.

Hoagland, Porter, and Di Jin. "A Model of Bycatch Involving a Passive use Stock." Marine Resource Economics 12.1 (1997): 11-28.

Hurwitz, Diana. "Fishing for Compromises through NAFTA and Environmental Dispute-Settlement: The Tuna-Dolphin Controversy." Natural Resources Journal 35.3 (1995): 501-40.

International Comm. for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Madrid (Spain). "Report of the Meeting of the ICCAT Ad Hoc Working Group on Precautionary Approach." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 51.1 (2000): 1941-2057.

Jaffrey, Shabbar. "Price Interactions between Salmon and Wild Caught Fish Species on the Spanish Market." Aquaculture Economics and Management 4.3-4 (2000): 157-67.

Kaitala, V., and M. Lindroos. Conflict and Co-Operation in Fisheries: A Game Theory Approach. Ed. T. Bjoerndal, G. R. Munro, and R. Arnason. Centre for Fisheries Economics Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen Norway: Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, 1999.

Kennedy, John O. S., and Hanoch Pasternak. "Optimal Australian and Japanese Harvesting of Southern Bluefin Tuna." Natural Resource Modeling 5.2 (1991): 213-38.

King, D. M., and IEEE-79-CH-1478-7-OEC. Global Tuna Production Systems: Long Range Planning Under Conditions of Uncertainty. Ed. S. A. (ed). Studenetskij. San Diego, CA (USA), Marine Technology Society, San Diego, CA (USA): Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1979.

Klieve, H., and T. G. MacAulay. "A Game Theory Analysis of Management Strategies for the Southern Bluefin Tuna Industry." Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics 37.1 (1993): 17-32.

Korber, Achim. "Why Everybody Loves Flipper: The Political-Economy of the U.S. Dolphin-Safe Laws." European Journal of Political Economy 14.3 (1998): 475-509.

Labelle, M. Operational Model to Evaluate Assessment and Management Procedures for the North Pacific Swordfish Fishery. Vol. NOAATMNMFSSWFSC341; PB2003100575. La Jolla, CA. Southwest Fisheries Science Center; United States: National Marine Fisheries Service, 2002.

Legault, C. Management of a Multigear Fishery Exploiting a Highly Migratory Stock: Spanish Mackerel, Scomberomorus Maculatus, in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 58., 1998.

Leung, Pingsun, and Sam Pooley. "Regional Economic Impacts of Reductions in Fisheries Production: A Supply-Driven Approach." Marine Resource Economics 16.4 (2001): 251-62.

Matsuda, Yoshiaki. "Changes in Tuna Fisheries Negotiations between Japan and the Pacific Island Nations." Resources and Environment in Asia 's Marine Sector. Ed. James Barney Marsh ed. Washington and London: Taylor and Francis, 1992. 41-57.

Maunder, M. N., and R. B. Deriso. "Estimation of Recruitment in Catch-at-Age Models." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60.10 (2003): 1204-16.

Maunder, M. N., P. J. Starr, and Ray Hilborn. "A Bayesian Analysis to Estimate Loss in Squid Catch due to the Implementation of a Sea Lion Population Management Plan." Marine Mammal Science 16.2 (2000): 413-26.

Maunder, M. N., and P. J. Starr. "Bayesian Assessment of the SNA1 Snapper (Pagrus Auratus) Stock on the North-East Coast of New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35.1 (2001): 87-110.

Maunder, M. N., and G. M. Watters. A-Scala: An Age-Structured Statistical Catch-at-Length Analysis for Assessing Tuna Stocks in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Vol. 5., 2003.

Maunder, M. N. "A General Framework for Integrating the Standardization of Catch Per Unit of Effort into Stock Assessment Models." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58.4 (2001): 795-803.

---. "Paradigm Shifts in Fisheries Stock Assessment: From Integrated Analysis to Bayesian Analysis and Back again." Natural Resource Modeling 16.4 (2003): 465-76.

McAllister, M., A. Babcock, and E. K. Pikitch. "Using Bayesian Methods to Improve Stock Assessment and Management of Stock Rebuilding when there is Uncertainty in Processes Affecting Future Recruitment." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 52 (2001): 1078-93.

McConnell, Kenneth E., and Ivar E. Strand. "Hedonic Prices for Fish: Tuna Prices in Hawaii." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 82.1 (2000): 133-44.

McDaniel, Carl, and John M. Gowdy. "Markets and Biodiversity Loss: Some Case Studies and Policy Considerations." International Journal of Social Economics 25.9-10 (1998): 1454-65.

McDonald, A. David, et al. "Inferring a Biopolitical Consensus View of Stochastic Dynamics for Management of a Transboundary Fishery." Natural Resource Modeling 17.4 (2004): 467-87.

Medley, PAH. Estimating the Impact of Purse-Seine Catches on Longline. Ed. R. S. Shomura, Jacek Majkowski, and S. Langi., 1994.

Mejuto, J., B. Garcia-Cortes, and M. de la Serna. "Preliminary Scientific Estimations of Billfish (Family Istiophoridae) Landed by the Spanish Surface Longline Fleet Targeting Swordfish in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea: Years 1999-2000." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 54.3 (2002): 826-33.

Miles, Edward L., and et al. Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence. Cambridge and London: MIT Press, 2002.

Musgrave, R. Kenton, and Garland Stephens. "The GATT-Tuna Dolphin Dispute: An Update." Natural Resources Journal 33.4 (1993): 957-75.

O'Brien, CM, GM Pilling, and C. Brown. Development of an Estimation System for U.S. Longline Discard Estimates of Bluefin Tuna. Oxford (UK): Blackwell Publishing, 2004.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. The Costs of Managing Fisheries. Paris and Washington, D.C.: Author, 2003.

---. Liberalising Fisheries Markets: Scope and Effects. Paris and Washington, D.C.: Author, 2003.

Petersen, Liz. "Governance of the South Pacific Tuna Fishery." Pacific Economic Bulletin 16.2 (2001): 63-76.

Pintassilgo, Pedro, and Clara Costa Duarte. "Optimal Management of the Northern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna." Marine Resource Economics 17.1 (2002): 47-67.

Pintassilgo, Pedro, and Clara Costa Duarte. "The New-Member Problem in the Cooperative Management of High Seas Fisheries." Marine Resource Economics 15.4 (2000): 361-78.

Pintassilgo, Pedro. "A Coalition Approach to the Management of High Seas Fisheries in the Presence of Externalities." Natural Resource Modeling 16.2 (2003): 175-97.

Polacheck, T., et al. "An Initial Evaluation of Management Strategies for the Southern Bluefin Tuna Fishery." ICES Journal of Marine Science 56.6 (1999): 811-26.

Polacheck, T., et al. Treatment of Data and Model Uncertainties in the Assessment of Southern Bluefin Tuna Stocks. Ed. F. Funk, et al. 5410 Grosvenor Ln. Ste. 110 Bethesda MD 20814-2199 USA: American Fisheries Society, 1998.

Polacheck, T. "Experimental Catches and the Precautionary Approach: The Southern Bluefin Tuna Dispute." Marine Policy 26.4 (2002): 283-94.

Policansky, D. Science and Decision Making in Fisheries Management. Ed. T. J. Pitcher, P. J. B. Hart, and D. Pauly. Dordrecht (The Netherlands): Kluwer Academic, 1998.

Rademeyer, R. A., D. S. Butterworth, and A. J. Penney. "A Bayesian Assessment of the South Atlantic Population of Albacore which Explicitly Models Changes in Targeting." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 56.4 (2004): 1360-90.

Ram-Bidesi, Vina, and Martin Tsamenyi. " Pacific Islands Tuna Fisheries: The Fisheries Subsidies Debate." Pacific Economic Bulletin 19.2 (2004): 54-74.

Restrepo, V., and P. Pallares. "Used of Delay-Difference Models to Assess Atlantic Bigeye Tuna." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 55.5 (2003): 2126-30.

Restrepo, V. R., et al. "Combination of Spawner-Recruit, Spawning Biomass-Per-Recruit and Yield-Per-Recruit Computations for the Estimation of the Long Term Potential for West Atlantic Bluefin Tuna." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 42.1 (1994): 214-22.

Restrepo, V. R., J. E. Powers, and S. C. Turner. "Incorporating Uncertainty in VPA Results Via Simulation." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 35.2 (1991): 355-61.

Restrepo, V. R., and J. E. Powers. "A Comparison of Three Methods for Handling the "Plus" Group in Virtual Population Analysis in the Presence of Ageing Errors." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 35.2 (1991): 346-54.

Richardson, Scott, A. Irem Tuna, and Peter D. Wysocki. Accounting for Taste: Board Member Preferences and Corporate Policy Choices. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management, Working papers, 2003: [URL: CLICK HERE TO VIEW].

Rinaldo, R. G., and A. L. Coan. "Effects of Atlantic Yellowfin Tuna Thunnus Albacares Stock Structure Hypotheses on Production Model Analysis." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT (1979)

Runge,C.Ford (Review of: Vogel, David). "Review of: Trading Up: Consumer and Environmental Regulation in a Global Economy." Journal of Economic Literature 35.1 (1997): 143-4.

Runge, C. Ford. Freer Trade, Protected Environment: Balancing Trade Liberalization and Environmental Interests. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1994.

Schurman, Rachel A. "Tuna Dreams: Resource Nationalism and the Pacific Islands ' Tuna Industry." Development and Change 29.1 (1998): 107-36.

SHARP, BASIL M H (Review of: Garnaut,Ross, ed). "Review of: Resource Management in Asia Pacific Developing Countries." Journal of Economic Literature 42.2 (2004): 548-9.

Simmons, Phil, and Lee Wallace. "A Comment on Klieve-MacAulay's Southern Bluefin Tuna Game." Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics 39.3 (1995): 289-91.

Smith, T., and T. Polacheck. Uncertainty in Estimating Historical Abundance of Porpoise Populations. Ed. MMC. Vol. MMC7716; PB2964765. Honolulu. Dept. of Zoology; United States: Hawaii Univ., 1979.

Stephens, T. "A Paper Umbrella which Dissolves in the Rain? Implications of the Southern Bluefin Tuna Case for the Compulsory Resolution of Disputes Concerning the Marine Environment Under the 1982 LOS Convention." Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law 6.3-4 (2001): 297-318.

Suzuki, Z. "On the Bluefin Tuna Stocks in the Atlantic Ocean." BULL.JAP.SOC.FISH.OCEANOGR./SUISAN KAIYO KENKYU KAIHO.no.44.44 (1983): 133-4.

Teisl, Mario F., Brian Roe, and Robert L. Hicks. "Can Eco-Labels Tune a Market? Evidence from Dolphin-Safe Labeling." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 43.3 (2002): 339-59.

Thorpe, Sally. "Pilchards: Impact of a Quarantine Ban on Imports." Australian Commodities Forecasts and Issues 4.4 (1997): 517-25.

Turner, S. C., and V. R. Restrepo. "Method of Incorporating Uncertainty in Size Composition of Catches of East Atlantic Bluefin Tuna in Assessments." Collective Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT 44.1 (1995): 159-65.

Uozumi, Yuji. "Historical Perspective of Global Billfish Stock Assessment." Marine & Freshwater Research 54.4 (2003): 555-65.

Vogel, David. Trading Up: Consumer and Environmental Regulation in a Global Economy. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Waugh, GT, and S. Shipman. Management in the Face of Uncertainty: A Case Study with Amberjack. Ed. J. M. Berkson, L. L. Kline, and D. J. Orth. Vol. 27. 5410 Grosvenor Ln. Ste. 110 Bethesda MD 20814-2199 USA, [URL: CLICK HERE TO VIEW]: American Fisheries Society, 2002.

Whalley,John (Review of: Kraus, Christiane). "Review of: Import Tariffs as Environmental Policy Instruments." Journal of Economic Literature 40.3 (2002): 971-2.

Section VI. By-catch

Bache, Sali Jayne, and Nathan Evans. "Dolphin, Albatross and Commercial Fishing: Australia 's Response to an Unpalatable Mix." Marine Policy 23.3 (1999): 259-70.

Bergin, Anthony. "Albatross and Longlining--Managing Seabird Bycatch." Marine Policy 21.1 (1997): 63-72.

Bisack, KD, and J. G. Sutinen. "Harbor Porpoise Bycatch: ITQs Or time/area Closures in the New England Gillnet Fishery." Land Economics 82.1 (2006): 85-102.

Boyce, John R. "An Economic Analysis of the Fisheries Bycatch Problem." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 31.3 (1996): 314-36.

Branch, Trevor A., Kate Rutherford, and Ray Hilborn. "Replacing Trip Limits with Individual Transferable Quotas: Implications for Discarding." Marine Policy 30.3 (2006): 281-92.

Brown, James. "An Account of the Dolphin-Safe Tuna Issue in the UK." Marine Policy 29.1 (2005): 39-46.

Burke, Wt, M. Freeberg, and E. L. Miles. "United-Nations Resolutions on Driftnet Fishing - an Unsustainable Precedent for High Seas and Coastal Fisheries Management." Ocean Development and International Law 25.2 (1994): 127-86.

Catchpole, T. L., C. L. J. Frid, and T. S. Gray. "Discards in North Sea Fisheries: Causes, Consequences and Solutions." Marine Policy 29.5 (2005): 421-30.

Cullet, P., and A. P. KameriMbote. "Dolphin Bycatches in Tuna Fisheries: A Smokescreen Hiding the Real Issues?" Ocean Development and International Law 27.4 (1996): 333-48.

Ditton, RB, and J. R. Stoll. "Social and Economic Perspective on Recreational Billfish Fisheries." Marine and Freshwater Research 54.4 (2003): 545-54.

Dyer, C. L. "Proaction Versus Reaction - Integrating Applied Anthropology into Fishery Management." Human organization 53.1 (1994): 83-8.

Edwards, Steven F. "Property Rights to Multi-Attribute Fishery Resources." Ecological Economics 44.2-3 (2003): 309-23.

Felthoven, Ronald G., and Catherine J. Morrison Paul. "Directions for Productivity Measurement in Fisheries." Marine Policy 28.2 (2004): 161-9.

Gilman, Eric L., Paul Dalzell, and Sean Martin. "Fleet Communication to Abate Fisheries Bycatch." Marine Policy 30.4 (2006): 360-6.

Herrera, Guillermo E. "Stochastic Bycatch, Informational Asymmetry, and Discarding." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 49.3 (2005): 463-83.

Holland, Daniel S., and Jay J. C. Ginter. "Common Property Institutions in the Alaskan Groundfish Fisheries." Marine Policy 25.1 (2001): 33-42.

Larson, DM, BW House, and J. M. Terry. "Bycatch Control in Multispecies Fisheries: A Quasi-Rent Share Approach to the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands Midwater Trawl Pollock Fishery." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 80.4 (1998): 778-92.

Pascoe, S., and A. Revill. "Costs and Benefits of Bycatch Reduction Devices in European Brown Shrimp Trawl Fisheries." Environmental & Resource Economics 27.1 (2004): 43-64.

Pascoe, Sean. "Single Species Conservation in a Multispecies Fishery: The Case of the Australian Eastern Gemfish." Ecological Economics 32.1 (2001): 125-36.

Samonte-Tan, GPB, and W. L. Griffin. "Bycatch Reduction Impacts on the Shrimp Harvesting and Consumer Sectors in the Gulf of Mexico." Society & Natural Resources 14.3 (2001): 223-37.

Stanley, D. L. "Explaining Persistent Conflict among Resource Users: The Case of Honduran Mariculture." Society & Natural Resources 11.3 (1998): 267-78.

Section VII. Trans-boundary Fish Stocks

Andersen, S. O. "International Management of Tuna, Porpoise, and Billfish - Biological, Legal, and Political Aspects - Joseph,j, Greenough,j." Natural Resources Journal 20.3 (1980): 697-9.

Aqorau, T., and Anthony Bergin. "Ocean Governance in the Western Pacific Purse Seine Fishery - the Palau Arrangement." Marine Policy 21.2 (1997): 173-86.

---. "The UN Fish Stocks Agreement - A New Era for International Cooperation to Conserve Tuna in the Central Western Pacific." Ocean Development and International Law 29.1 (1998): 21-42.

Bergin, Anthony, and M. Haward. "Southern Bluefin Tuna Fishery - Recent Developments in International Management." Marine Policy 18.3 (1994): 263-73.

Campbell, H., SF Herrick, and D. Squires. "The Role of Research in Fisheries Management: The Conservation of Dolphins in the Eastern Tropical Pacific and the Exploitation of Southern Bluefin Tuna in the Southern Ocean." Ocean Development and International Law 31.4 (2000): 347-75.

Campbell, Hf, and R. B. Nicholl. "Can Purse Seiners Target Yellowfin Tuna." Land Economics 70.3 (1994): 345-53.

Cordonnery, L. "A Note on the 2000 Convention for the Conservation and Management of Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean." Ocean Development and International Law 33.1 (2002): 1-15.

Cullet, P., and A. P. KameriMbote. "Dolphin Bycatches in Tuna Fisheries: A Smokescreen Hiding the Real Issues?" Ocean Development and International Law 27.4 (1996): 333-48.

Douglas, C. H. " Small Island States and Territories: Sustainable Development Issues and Strategies - Challenges for Changing Islands in a Changing World." Sustainable Development 14.2 (2006): 75-80.

Enriquez-Andrade, RR, and J. G. Vaca-Rodriguez. "Evaluating Ecological Tradeoffs in Fisheries Management: A Study Case for the Yellowfin Tuna Fishery in the Eastern Pacific Ocean." Ecological Economics 48.3 (2004): 303-15.

Feldman, E. A. "The Tuna Court: Law and Norms in the World's Premier Fish Market." California law review 94.2 (2006): 313-69.

Gau, M. S. T. "The Practice of the Concept of Fishing Entities: Dispute Settlement Mechanisms." Ocean Development and International Law 37.2 (2006): 221-43.

Grafton, RQ, et al. "Incentive-Based Approaches to Sustainable Fisheries." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63.3 (2006): 699-710.

Gulland, J. A. "Alternatives for Organization of Tuna Management." Marine Policy 2.2 (1978): 161-3.

---. "Tuna Management - Debate Continues - Reply." Marine Policy 2.3 (1978): 240-.

Guyader, O. "Simulating the Effect of Regulatory Systems in a Fishery - an Application to the French Driftnet Albacore Fleet." Environmental & Resource Economics 23.1 (2002): 1-28.

Herrero, I. "Risk and Strategy of Fishers Alternatively Exploiting Sea Bream and Tuna in the Gibraltar Strait from an Efficiency Perspective." ICES Journal of Marine Science 61.2 (2004): 211-7.

Hilborn, R., and J. Sibert. "Is International Management of Tuna Necessary." Marine Policy 12.1 (1988): 31-9.

Hilborn, R. "International Management of Tuna." Marine Policy 13.2 (1989): 166-.

Ho, P. S. C. "The Impact of the UN Fish Stocks Agreement on Taiwan 's Participation in International Fisheries Fora O." Cean Development and International Law 37.2 (2006): 133-48.

Hunt, C. "Economic Globalisation Impacts on Pacific Marine Resources." Marine Policy 27.1 (2003): 79-85.

---. "Management of the South Pacific Tuna Fishery." Marine Policy 21.2 (1997): 155-71.

Joseph, J. "Tuna Management - Debate Continues." Marine Policy 2.3 (1978): 239-40.

Kawaley, I. "Implications of the Exclusive Economic Zone and EEZ Management for Seychelles, a Small Midocean Island Commonwealth Territory." Ocean Development and International Law 29.3 (1998): 225-64.

Klieve, H., and T. G. Macaulay. "A Game-Theory Analysis of Management Strategies for the Southern Bluefin Tuna Industry." Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics 37.1 (1993): 17-32.

Lodge, M. "Minimum Terms and Conditions of Access - Responsible Fisheries Management Measures in the South-Pacific Region." Marine Policy 16.4 (1992): 277-305.

Mackett, D. J. "Strategic-Planning for Research and Management of the Albacore Tuna Fishery." Systems Research 2.3 (1985): 201-10.

McDonald, AD, LK Sandal, and S. I. Steinshamn. "Implications of a Nested stochastic/deterministic Bio-Economic Model for a Pelagic Fishery." Ecological Modelling 149.2-Jan (2002): 193-201.

Meltzer, E. "Global Overview of Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks - the Nonsustainable Nature of High Seas Fisheries." Ocean Development and International Law 25.3 (1994): 255-344.

Miller, ML, et al. "Cultural Consensus Analysis and Environmental Anthropology: Yellowfin Tuna Fishery Management in Hawaii." Cross-Cultural Research 38.3 (2004): 289-314.

Mitchell, C. L. "International Management of Tuna, Porpoise and Billfish - Biological, Legal and Political Aspects - Joseph,j, Greenough,Jw." Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 13.3 (1982): 400-1.

Munro, G. R. "Extended Jurisdiction and the Management of Pacific Highly Migratory Species." Ocean Development and International Law 21.3 (1990): 289-307.

Payne, R. L. "A Glance into the Future of the World Canned Tuna Trade." Marine Policy 18.5 (1994): 407-21.

Pedigo, D. F. "Fisheries Management in the Gulf of Mexico - Impact of the Tuna Exception to the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976." Louisiana Law Review 42.2 (1982): 705-23.

Petersen, E. "The Catch in Trading Fishing Access for Foreign Aid." Marine Policy 27.3 (2003): 219-28.

Polacheck, T. "Another Perspective on the Need for International Skipjack and Yellowfin Tuna Management." Marine Policy 14.6 (1990): 526-9.

---. "Tuna Longline Catch Rates in the Indian Ocean: Did Industrial Fishing Result in a 90% Rapid Decline in the Abundance of Large Predatory Species?" Marine Policy 30.5 (2006): 470-82.

Pradhan, NC, and P. Leung. "A Poisson and Negative Binomial Regression Model of Sea Turtle Interactions in Hawaii 's Longline Fishery." Fisheries Research 78.May (2006): 309-22.

Rani-Bidesi, V., and M. Tsamenyi. "Implications of the Tuna Management Regime for Domestic Industry Development in the Pacific Island States." Marine Policy 28.5 (2004): 383-92.

Read, R. "Sustainable Natural Resource use and Economic Development in Small States: The Tuna Fisheries in Fiji and Samoa." Sustainable Development 14.2 (2006): 93-103.

Reid, C., et al. "An Analysis of Fishing Capacity in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean Tuna Fishery and Management Implications." Marine Policy 27.6 (2003): 449-69.

Sibert, J., and J. Hampton. "Mobility of Tropical Tunas and the Implications for Fisheries Management." Marine Policy 27.1 (2003): 87-95.

Squires, D., et al. "Individual Transferable Quotas in Multispecies Fisheries." Marine Policy 22.2 (1998): 135-59.

Wang, D. K. H. " Taiwan 's Participation in Regional Fisheries Management Organizations and the Conceptual Revolution on Fishing Entity: The Case of the IATTC." Ocean Development and International Law 37.2 (2006): 209-19.

Ward, P., B. Kearney, and N. Tsirbas. "Science Arrangements for the Regional Management of Tuna Fisheries." Marine Policy 24.2 (2000): 93-108.

Section VIII. Straddling Fish Stocks

Bjorndal, T., et al. "International Management Strategies for a Straddling Fish Stock: A Bio-Economic Simulation Model of the Norwegian Spring-Spawning Herring Fishery." Environmental & Resource Economics 29.4 (2004): 435-57.

Ellis, J. "The Straddlings Stocks Agreement and the Precautionary Principle as Interpretive Device and Rule of Law." Ocean Development and International Law 32.4 (2001): 289-311.

Hu, N. T. A. "Fishing Entities: Their Emergence, Evolution, and Practice from Taiwan 's Perspective." Ocean Development and International Law 37.2 (2006): 149-83.

Juda, L. " Rio Plus Ten: The Evolution of International Marine Fisheries Governance." Ocean Development and International Law 33.2 (2002): 109-44.

Rayfuse, R. " Canada and Regional Fisheries Organizations: Implementing the UN Fish Stocks Agreement." Ocean Development and International Law 34.2 (2003): 209-28.

Sissener, E. H., and T. Bjorndal. "Climate Change and the Migratory Pattern for Norwegian Spring-Spawning Herring - Implications for Management." Marine Policy 29.4 (2005): 299-309.

Stokke, O. S. "Managing Fisheries in the Barents Sea Loophole: Interplay with the UN Fish Stocks Agreement." Ocean Development and International Law 32.3 (2001): 241-62.

Trondsen, T., T. Matthiasson, and J. A. Young. "Towards a Market-Oriented Management Model for Straddling Fish Stocks." Marine Policy 30.3 (2006): 199-206.

Tsuru, Y. "Rethinking the Principle of Abstention: The North Pacific and Beyond." Marine Policy 28.6 (2004): 541-52.