NCAR --> SERE --> ISSE --> Environmental Impacts from Urban Transportation in China
This project is motivated by the following questions:
What factors motivate the growth of private auto use in China?
What are the impacts of promoting public transportation, fuel alternatives and enforcing vehicle inspection on energy use for future air pollution and carbon emissions at the local level?
What are the barriers to implementation of the strategic air quality control measures? And
What can be done to overcome these barriers?
In this project, the primary air quality control measures to reduce emissions from urban transportation will include: (a) decreasing automobile use; (b) increasing usage of public vehicles; (c) switching to cleaner fuels; and (d) promoting effective inspection and maintenance of in-use vehicles.
In contrast to most other transportation studies, which heavily reply on discussions with policy makers and model scenario analysis, this project will use an integrated approach to encourage communications among stakeholders, such as city officials, researchers, taxi drivers, bus drivers and the public.
The project includes four work stages:
In the 1st stage, the Principle Investigator (P.I.) and her Chinese collaborators will visit three Chinese medium-to-small sized cities (including two environmental protection model cities) to obtain a general understanding of transportation planning in these cities.
In the 2nd stage, the team will choose a pilot city and conduct an integrated study by employing a focus group approach (to identify barriers and opportunities), model approach (using the Long Range Energy Alternatives Planning, LEAP model) and media approach (to stimulate discussions of sustainable transportation at the local level via a website and local newspaper).
In the 3rd stage, the team will conduct a synthesis workshop in the pilot city.
In the 4th stage, a final report will be written and placed on the website for public review.
The outcomes of the project include the following:
An assessment of factors likely to affect the growth of private automobile use in China;
Improved understanding on the current challenges and opportunities faced by Chinese medium-to-small sized cities;
A simple transportation model using local data for the pilot city to estimate the energy use, carbon emissions and air pollutions resulting from different strategies;
Focus group discussions to identify barriers and opportunities of implementation of emission control measures and to rank policy options to overcome these barriers;
A website for information dissemination on sustainable urban transportation alternative; and
A collaborative relationship between the International Council for Local Environmental Initiative (ICLEI) and the Chinese pilot city (optional).